Pipe and cigar smokers often wave off worries that smoking is bad for their health. They claim their habit is harmless and perpetuate the common misperception that pipes and cigars are somehow safer than cigarettes. In reality, these tobacco products carry the same health risks -- and sometimes even greater risks -- than cigarettes.
Cigars and pipes differ in design from cigarettes, which are made from tobacco wrapped in thin paper. Cigars are wrapped in tobacco leaves, and unlike cigarettes, they...
Added text evidence indicating an association between constituents of ambient air pollution and increased lungcancer mortality continues to strengthen, with reports from Asia and New Zealand documenting increased risks with exposure to measures of particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen dioxide (cited Katanoda et al., Cao et al., and Hales et al. as references 37, 38, and 39, respectively).
Added World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research as reference 40.
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September 04, 2014
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