Lung Cancer Prevention (PDQ®): Prevention - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Description of the Evidence
Looking at the vitamin E results for the ATBC, HPS, and HOPE-TOO studies combined, the summary odds ratio was 0.97 (95% CI, 0.87–1.08), and adding the results from the WHS to this would bring the association even closer to the null. The combined evidence for vitamin E supplementation thus continues to be consistent with no effect on lung cancer risk.
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