Lopez and colleagues saw some gains and setbacks, compared to the study's
"Worldwide, HIV/AIDS and malaria are large and growing causes of death and
disease burden, especially in sub-Saharan Africa," the researchers write,
adding that the records show some progress in Africa against measles, acute
respiratory infections, and diarrhea.
They also note that countries of the former Soviet Union had "setbacks" in
adult deaths during the 1990s. The study doesn't show a reason for that
pattern, but the "absence of sustained health monitoring and policies" in those
countries may have played a role, the researchers note.
They add that while health records have improved in some parts of the world,
some countries have more detailed records than others.