Skip to content
Font Size

Understanding and Treating COPD

The more you know, the easier it is to control COPD.
By
WebMD Feature

Anyone can have trouble breathing once in a while. But for those who have COPD, debilitating symptoms such as shortness of breath, cough, and poor lung function can seem relentless.

If you have COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), you need to know that while it can’t be cured, it can be managed. Its symptoms can be controlled. And COPD doesn’t have to keep someone from having a fulfilling and satisfying life.

Recommended Related to Lung Disease/Respiratory Problems

Understanding Tuberculosis -- Diagnosis and Treatment

The tuberculin skin test (TST) -- also commonly known as the PPD and performed in a doctor's office or health department -- is a reliable detector of TB in most people. It is used to detect TB in individuals at risk for new infection, such as health care workers or close contacts of infected individuals, and those at increased risk due to a weakened immune system. A small amount of liquid purified protein derivative (PPD) from the TB bacteria is injected just under the top layer of skin on your arm...

Read the Understanding Tuberculosis -- Diagnosis and Treatment article > >

COPD is a term that describes a group of lung diseases, mainly emphysema and chronic bronchitis, that cause air-flow obstructions.

Everyone experiences a slow decline in lung function after their 20s or 30s, says Neil Schachter, MD, medical director of the Respiratory Care Department at Mount Sinai Center in New York City. “As we age, lung function slowly declines each year.”

But some people, such as those who smoke cigarettes, experience a rapid decline in lung function associated with COPD. Indeed, smoking is a major risk factor for COPD, but it is not the only one. Environmental risk factors include exposure to fumes and irritants, living with air pollution, or living in a dusty environment. And some people can inherit a genetic predisposition for developing COPD.

Recognizing COPD Symptoms

Early detection and medical treatment makes it easier to manage COPD. While early COPD may not cause noticeable symptoms, a doctor’s exam can reveal abnormal breathing and wheezing when a person exhales. Other COPD symptoms may include:

  • an increase or decrease in the amount of mucus or sputum, also called phlegm, that is produced in the lungs and coughed up
  • the presence of blood in the sputum
  • shortness of breath that is persistent -- often described as ‘heaviness’ or ‘air hunger
  • a chronic cough present throughout the day
  • wheezing
  • a general feeling of ill health
  • swelling of the ankles
  • difficulty sleeping
  • using more pillows or sleeping in a chair instead of a bed to avoid shortness of breath
  • unexplained increase or decrease in weight
  • increasing morning headaches, dizzy spells, or restlessness
  • increased fatigue and lack of energy

Next Article:

Managing COPD: Have you quit smoking?