Many people who have
cystic fibrosis have low bone mineral density, because
they have problems absorbing
vitamin D and
calcium, which are necessary for strong and healthy
bones. Low bone mineral density can make a person who has cystic fibrosis more
likely to have bone fractures or to develop
osteoporosis in adulthood.
dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) tests can check the
density and strength of your bones.
Recommended Related to Lung Disease/Respiratory Problems
If your doctor suspects sarcoidosis, he or she will do the following:
Review your medical history
Perform a physical exam
Order chest X-rays and blood tests that may aid in the diagnosis
In 90% of people with sarcoidosis, chest X-rays show abnormalities. Many patients also have a low white blood cell count. Your doctor may also order pulmonary-function tests, which measure how well your lungs are working. Tissue biopsies (tests on small tissue samples) from your lungs may be done to...
Spending small amounts of time in the sun,
exercising, taking vitamins, and eating nutritious foods can help prevent bone
People who have cystic fibrosis may also have painful
or swollen joints (arthralgia or
arthritis) from time to time. Often these joint
problems do not last more than a week and any pain can usually be treated with
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as
Primary Medical Reviewer
John Pope, MD - Pediatrics
Specialist Medical Reviewer
Susanna McColley, MD - Pediatric Pulmonology
June 15, 2011
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
June 15, 2011
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