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Lung Disease & Respiratory Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Lung

  1. Bullectomy for COPD - Topic Overview

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) weakens the structure of the lung and may also damage the tiny air sacs (alveoli) in the lung. When these air sacs break down,larger airspaces known as bullae are formed. Bullae sometimes can become so large that they interfere with breathing and may cause complications: They can burst,leading to a collapsed lung ( pneumothorax ). A collapsed lung ...

  2. Conserving Energy When You Have COPD or Other Chronic Conditions - Health Tools

    Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. COPD: Learning to Breathe Easier

  3. Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) - Topic Overview

    What is acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)? Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a lung problem. It happens when fluid builds up in the lungs,causing breathing failure and low oxygen levels in the blood. ARDS is life-threatening,because it keeps organs like the brain and kidneys from getting the oxygen they need to work. ARDS occurs most often in people who are being treated ...

  4. Bronchoscopy

    Bronchoscopy is a procedure that allows your doctor to look at your airway through a thin viewing instrument called a bronchoscope.

  5. COPD: Using Exercise to Feel Better

    Key pointsChronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) often makes it difficult to breathe, which in turn may limit how active you are and how much you exercise. However, it is important to remain active and exercise when you have COPD. Activity and exercise can:Build muscle strength. This will help you be more active-you will be able to do more activities for longer amounts of time.Reduce ...

  6. Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency Genetic Testing - Why Would I Not Be Tested?

    You may decide not to be tested because:You do not have symptoms of lung disease.No one in your family has AAT deficiency or lung or liver disease.You would be worried if you knew that you might get lung or liver disease some day.You do not smoke and you already are taking good care of yourself. You think there is nothing more you could do to prevent or delay the disease.The test cannot predict ..

  7. Bronchiectasis - Topic Overview

    What is bronchiectasis?Bronchiectasis (say brawn-kee-ECK-tuh-sus) is a lung problem in which the breathing tubes (airways) in the lungs are stretched and become larger. It starts when your airways are damaged. The damage may be caused by another health problem—usually cystic fibrosis—or a lung infection such as pneumonia or tuberculosis. Other causes include whooping cough and autoimmune problems, such as AIDS. Bronchiectasis can also be congenital, which means you were born with it.The damaged airways have a hard time getting rid of mucus (sputum), so the mucus builds up. This causes the airways to stretch and can lead to swelling and repeated infections. Each time you get an infection, your airways are further damaged. It may become harder and harder to breathe.Even though there’s no cure for the disease, there are things you can do at home to manage your symptoms and live a full life.What are the symptoms?Symptoms are different for everyone. But common symptoms include: A

  8. Sputum Cytology

    Sputum cytology examines a sample of sputum (mucus) under a microscope to determine whether abnormal cells are present. Sputum is not the same as saliva. Sputum is produced in the lungs and in the airways leading to the lungs.

  9. Acute Bronchitis - Topic Overview

    What is bronchitis?Bronchitis means that the tubes that carry air to the lungs (the bronchial tubes) are inflamed and irritated. When this happens, the bronchial tubes swell and produce mucus. This makes you cough.There are two types of bronchitis:Acute bronchitis usually comes on quickly and gets better after 2 to 3 weeks. Chronic bronchitis keeps coming back and can last a long time, especially in people who smoke. Chronic bronchitis means that you have a cough with mucus most days of the month for 3 months of the year and for at least 2 years in a row.This topic focuses on acute bronchitis. Both children and adults can get acute bronchitis.Most healthy people who get acute bronchitis get better without any problems. But it can be more serious in older adults and children and in people with other health problems, especially lung diseases such as asthma or COPD. Complications can include pneumonia and repeated episodes of severe bronchitis.What causes acute bronchitis?Acute

  10. Tests for Lung Infections - Topic Overview

    Other tests for lung infections,such as pneumonia and acute bronchitis,may include: Blood tests or cultures. Blood tests may help determine whether antibodies to a specific organism that can cause pneumonia are present or whether specific viruses,such as influenza (flu) or respiratory syncytial virus (RSV),are present. A test for blood urea nitrogen (BUN) can help tell how serious an ...

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