Alpha1 - antitrypsin (AAT) is a protein normally found in the lungs and the bloodstream. It helps protect the lungs from diseases such as emphysema and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). People who do not make enough of this protein-this is called AAT deficiency-are more likely to have these lung diseases and will get them at a younger - than - normal age (30 to 40 years old). AAT defic
When you have COPD, especially if you have chronic bronchitis, you may sometimes have sudden attacks where your breathing and coughing symptoms suddenly get worse and stay that way. These attacks are called COPD exacerbations, or flare-ups. With treatment, many people recover and return to the same level of shortness of breath they had before the attack. These attacks are often life-threatening. If your symptoms suddenly get worse, and if taking your medicine doesn't help, have someone take you to the emergency room. Call if needed.COPD attacks often occur more frequently, last longer, and are more severe the longer you have COPD.CauseThe two most common causes of a COPD attack are:1A lung infection, such as acute bronchitis or pneumonia. Infections are the most common cause of COPD attacks. Infections usually are caused by viruses but can also be caused by bacteria.Air pollution.Other causes may include heart failure, allergic reactions, inhaling food or stomach contents into the
Although chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) cannot be cured, it can be managed. Treatment for COPD focuses on:Slowing the progression of the disease by avoiding tobacco smoke and other environmental factors, such as air pollution.Reducing and controlling symptoms, such as shortness of breath.Increasing your activity level.Improving your overall health.Preventing and treating a COPD ...
Medication for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is used to reduce shortness of breath, control any coughing and wheezing, and to prevent and reduce a rapid, sometimes sudden, and prolonged worsening of cough, amount of mucus, and/or shortness of breath (COPD exacerbation). Most people with COPD find that medications make breathing easier.Bronchodilators and inhaled corticosteroids are
What is COPD? Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease?Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a group of long - term (chronic) lung diseases that makes it hard to breathe. In COPD, airflow through the airways leading to and within the lungs (bronchial tubes) is partially blocked, resulting in difficulty breathing. As the disease gets worse, breathing becomes more difficult, and it may become hard
Risk factors for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) include those you can control, such as smoking, and others that you cannot control, such as inherited factors (genes).Risk factors you can controlTobacco smoking is the most important risk factor for COPD. In comparison, other risk factors are minor.At least 10% to 15% of all cigarette smokers develop COPD with symptoms; some studies ..
Call your health professional immediately if you have been diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and you:Have shortness of breath or wheezing that is rapidly getting worse.Are coughing more deeply or more frequently, especially if you notice an increase in mucus (sputum) or a change in the color of the mucus you cough up.Cough up blood.Have increased swelling in your legs or