Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health. Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. Breathing Exercises: How to Use a Manual Incentive Spirometer ...
What is bronchitis?Bronchitis means that the tubes that carry air to the lungs (the bronchial tubes) are inflamed and irritated. When this happens, the bronchial tubes swell and produce mucus. This makes you cough.There are two types of bronchitis:Acute bronchitis usually comes on quickly and gets better after 2 to 3 weeks. Chronic bronchitis keeps coming back and can last a long time, especially in people who smoke. Chronic bronchitis means that you have a cough with mucus most days of the month for 3 months of the year and for at least 2 years in a row.This topic focuses on acute bronchitis. Both children and adults can get acute bronchitis.Most healthy people who get acute bronchitis get better without any problems. But it can be more serious in older adults and children and in people with other health problems, especially lung diseases such as asthma or COPD. Complications can include pneumonia and repeated episodes of severe bronchitis.What causes acute bronchitis?Acute
What is bronchiectasis?Bronchiectasis (say brawn-kee-ECK-tuh-sus) is a lung problem in which the breathing tubes (airways) in the lungs are stretched and become larger. It starts when your airways are damaged. The damage may be caused by another health problem—usually cystic fibrosis—or a lung infection such as pneumonia or tuberculosis. Other causes include whooping cough and autoimmune problems, such as AIDS. Bronchiectasis can also be congenital, which means you were born with it.The damaged airways have a hard time getting rid of mucus (sputum), so the mucus builds up. This causes the airways to stretch and can lead to swelling and repeated infections. Each time you get an infection, your airways are further damaged. It may become harder and harder to breathe.Even though there’s no cure for the disease, there are things you can do at home to manage your symptoms and live a full life.What are the symptoms?Symptoms are different for everyone. But common symptoms include: A
Information from genetic testing can have a big impact on your life. Ask to have genetic counseling before making a decision about testing. Genetic counselors are trained to explain the test and its results, but you make the decision about whether to have the test. A genetic counselor can help you make well - informed decisions. Genetic counseling can help you and your family:Understand medical ..
The nasal potential difference test (nasal PD test) measures how well salts (sodium and chloride) flow across the mucous membranes in the nose. This type of test can be helpful when the results of a sweat test or a genetic test are not clear. In this test, electrodes are placed inside the nose and liquids are run through the nose. There is also a needle placed in the forearm that connects to a machine. Because this test can be uncomfortable, your child may need medicine to help him or her relax before having the test. This test is not used very often because it can be difficult to do and because it is not available in many places.
What is a pneumothorax?A collapsed lung (pneumothorax) results from a buildup of air in the space between the lung and the chest wall (pleural space). As the amount of air in this space increases, the pressure against the lung causes the lung to collapse. This prevents your lung from expanding properly when you try to breathe in, causing shortness of breath and chest pain. A pneumothorax may ...
When you have COPD, especially if you have chronic bronchitis, you may sometimes have sudden attacks where your breathing and coughing symptoms suddenly get worse and stay that way. These attacks are called COPD exacerbations, or flare-ups. With treatment, many people recover and return to the same level of shortness of breath they had before the attack. These attacks are often life-threatening. If your symptoms suddenly get worse, and if taking your medicine doesn't help, have someone take you to the emergency room. Call if needed.COPD attacks often occur more frequently, last longer, and are more severe the longer you have COPD.CauseThe two most common causes of a COPD attack are:1A lung infection, such as acute bronchitis or pneumonia. Infections are the most common cause of COPD attacks. Infections usually are caused by viruses but can also be caused by bacteria.Air pollution.Other causes may include heart failure, allergic reactions, inhaling food or stomach contents into the
What is COPD? Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease?Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a group of long - term (chronic) lung diseases that makes it hard to breathe. In COPD, airflow through the airways leading to and within the lungs (bronchial tubes) is partially blocked, resulting in difficulty breathing. As the disease gets worse, breathing becomes more difficult, and it may become hard