What is COPD? Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease?Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a group of long - term (chronic) lung diseases that makes it hard to breathe. In COPD, airflow through the airways leading to and within the lungs (bronchial tubes) is partially blocked, resulting in difficulty breathing. As the disease gets worse, breathing becomes more difficult, and it may become hard
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can usually be diagnosed using a medical history and lung function tests, such as spirometry. Your doctor will also conduct a physical examination and may suggest a chest X - ray to rule out other conditions with similar symptoms, such as asthma. Some tests are done to rule out other diseases or conditions that may make COPD worse and its treatment more
Health tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. Avoiding weight loss when you have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Eating well when you have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Exercises for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) Using a metered - dose ...
When you have COPD, especially if you have chronic bronchitis, you may sometimes have sudden attacks where your breathing and coughing symptoms suddenly get worse and stay that way. These attacks are called COPD exacerbations, or flare-ups. With treatment, many people recover and return to the same level of shortness of breath they had before the attack. These attacks are often life-threatening. If your symptoms suddenly get worse, and if taking your medicine doesn't help, have someone take you to the emergency room. Call if needed.COPD attacks often occur more frequently, last longer, and are more severe the longer you have COPD.CauseThe two most common causes of a COPD attack are:1A lung infection, such as acute bronchitis or pneumonia. Infections are the most common cause of COPD attacks. Infections usually are caused by viruses but can also be caused by bacteria.Air pollution.Other causes may include heart failure, allergic reactions, inhaling food or stomach contents into the
Call your health professional immediately if you have been diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and you:Have shortness of breath or wheezing that is rapidly getting worse.Are coughing more deeply or more frequently, especially if you notice an increase in mucus (sputum) or a change in the color of the mucus you cough up.Cough up blood.Have increased swelling in your legs or
A blood test can measure the amount of alpha1 - antitrypsin in your blood. You may have AAT deficiency if your levels are low or if the blood test is not able to find any AAT in your blood. If your AAT level is lower than normal, the blood sample can be tested to look for the type of alpha1 - antitrypsin. People who carry the changed gene may be more at risk for symptoms if they have a certain typ
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) gradually worsens over time. Your symptoms depend on when COPD was diagnosed, how far along it is, and your lifestyle.If you are diagnosed early, before a lot of lung damage has taken place, you may have very mild symptoms, even when you are active. If you are diagnosed later, you may have already lost much of your lung function. If you have an ...
You may decide not to be tested because:You do not have symptoms of lung disease.No one in your family has AAT deficiency or lung or liver disease.You would be worried if you knew that you might get lung or liver disease some day.You do not smoke and you already are taking good care of yourself. You think there is nothing more you could do to prevent or delay the disease.The test cannot predict ..