Surgical removal of a clot is called an embolectomy. This type of treatment for pulmonary embolism is rarely used. It is considered when the clot in the main pulmonary artery is extremely large and life-threatening and is causing severe symptoms.
Pneumonia symptoms caused by bacteria in otherwise healthy people younger than 65 usually come on suddenly. Pneumonia symptoms often start during or after an upper respiratory infection, such as influenza or a cold.
Doctors use antibiotics to treat pneumonia caused by bacteria, the most common cause of the condition. You usually will continue to take antibiotics for 5 to 14 days, although you may take them longer if you have an impaired immune system.
Alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) is a protein normally found in the lungs and the bloodstream. It helps protect the lungs from the damage caused by inflammation that can lead to emphysema and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). People whose bodies do not produce enough of this protein (AAT deficiency) are more likely to develop emphysema and to do so at a younger-than-normal age (30 to 40 ...
If you have COPD,your usual shortness of breath could suddenly get worse. You may start coughing more and have more mucus. This flare-up is called a COPD exacerbation or a COPD attack. A lung infection or air pollution could set off an attack. Or it may happen after a quick change in temperature or being around chemicals. You may not always know the cause. What are the warning signs? When ...
Cystic fibrosis often affects the pancreas and digestive system because the mucus in these areas becomes thick and sticky. If this occurs, the mucus blocks normal digestive function as well as harbors infection.The digestive system is responsible for breaking down food, absorbing nutrients from the food, and ridding the body of waste products. The pancreas is an organ that is located in the upper abdomen, behind the stomach and close to the spine. It produces digestive enzymes, which travel to the intestines and break down (digest) food so that nutrients can be absorbed by the body. Cystic fibrosis and digestionIn cystic fibrosis, mucus clogs the pancreas, and digestive enzymes are not able to get to the intestine. So food is not properly digested, particularly fats and proteins. A related symptom is large, greasy, smelly stools. Lack of nutrition prevents normal growth and development in babies and children. Unhealthy weight loss and difficulty gaining or maintaining weight are
Is this topic for you?This topic provides information about pleurisy, which usually results in chest pain. If you have chest pain that concerns you and that your doctor does not know about, see the topic Chest Pain.What is pleurisy?Pleurisy is swelling (inflammation) of the thin layers of tissue (pleura) covering the lungs and the chest wall. The outer layer of the pleura lines the inside of the .
Key pointsIf you have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), you may have little appetite or feel too tired to prepare and eat meals. However, eating regularly and eating healthy foods is important because food:Provides your body with the energy it needs to function, such as for breathing and digestion.Provides you with the energy you need for daily activities.Helps strengthen your body's .