Risk factors for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) include those you can control, such as smoking, and others that you cannot control, such as inherited factors (genes).Risk factors you can controlTobacco smoking is the most important risk factor for COPD. In comparison, other risk factors are minor.At least 10% to 15% of all cigarette smokers develop COPD with symptoms; some studies ..
Medication for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is used to reduce shortness of breath, control any coughing and wheezing, and to prevent and reduce a rapid, sometimes sudden, and prolonged worsening of cough, amount of mucus, and/or shortness of breath (COPD exacerbation). Most people with COPD find that medications make breathing easier.Bronchodilators and inhaled corticosteroids are
Call your health professional immediately if you have been diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and you:Have shortness of breath or wheezing that is rapidly getting worse.Are coughing more deeply or more frequently, especially if you notice an increase in mucus (sputum) or a change in the color of the mucus you cough up.Cough up blood.Have increased swelling in your legs or
When you have COPD, especially if you have chronic bronchitis, you may sometimes have sudden attacks where your breathing and coughing symptoms suddenly get worse and stay that way. These attacks are called COPD exacerbations, or flare-ups. With treatment, many people recover and return to the same level of shortness of breath they had before the attack. These attacks are often life-threatening. If your symptoms suddenly get worse, and if taking your medicine doesn't help, have someone take you to the emergency room. Call if needed.COPD attacks often occur more frequently, last longer, and are more severe the longer you have COPD.CauseThe two most common causes of a COPD attack are:1A lung infection, such as acute bronchitis or pneumonia. Infections are the most common cause of COPD attacks. Infections usually are caused by viruses but can also be caused by bacteria.Air pollution.Other causes may include heart failure, allergic reactions, inhaling food or stomach contents into the
What is bronchiolitis?Bronchiolitis is an infection of the bronchioles, small air passages in the lungs. It is common in children and is the leading cause of serious lower respiratory illness in infants. What causes bronchiolitis?Bronchiolitis is usually caused by a virus, especially respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), and frequently occurs in the late fall to early spring. What are the ...