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Lung Disease & Respiratory Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Lung

  1. Postural Drainage and Chest Percussion - Topic Overview

    Postural drainage and chest percussion are often used together to help loosen and remove mucus from the lungs. These airway clearance techniques help people who have a spinal cord injury, cystic fibrosis, or another condition that makes it hard for mucus to drain from the lungs. When mucus collects in your lungs, it increases your risk for lung infections.Postural drainage uses gravity to help drain mucus into the mouth by placing the body in specific positions. Each position drains different areas (lobes) of the lung. The mucus can then be spit or coughed out.Chest percussion (chest physiotherapy) uses clapping of the chest with a cupped hand to vibrate the airways in the lungs. This vibration moves the mucus from smaller airways into larger ones where it can be coughed up. Chest percussion is done with the help of a partner, special electronic devices designed to vibrate the chest, or other instruments that a person can use to vibrate the chest safely.A doctor or respiratory

  2. Pneumonia - Health Tools

    Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health. Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. Breathing Exercises: How to Use a Manual Incentive Spirometer ...

  3. How Cystic Fibrosis Affects Breathing and the Lungs - Topic Overview

    Normal lung and respiratory functionThe breathing tubes, or bronchi, leading to the air sacs (alveoli) are lined with cells that produce mucus. Normally, the cells produce a thin, runny mucus that coats the surface of the lungs.Foreign particles, such as dust and germs, constantly enter the lungs and become trapped in the mucus. Tiny hairs called cilia on the surface of the breathing tubes sweep the mucus and foreign particles upward into the larger air passages and then up to the throat where they can be swallowed or coughed up.Effects of cystic fibrosis on lung and respiratory functionCystic fibrosis causes the mucus that coats the breathing tubes to become so thick and sticky that the cilia are unable to sweep the germs and other particles up and out of the lungs. The trapped bacteria lead to frequent, serious infections and permanent lung damage.In response to infections, the body's immune system sends white blood cells to the lungs to attempt to destroy the infection. White blood

  4. Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency Genetic Testing - Is Testing Accurate?

    Although this blood test is highly reliable, no test is 100% accurate. This test cannot predict when-or whether-you will develop symptoms or how severe they will be. ...

  5. History and Physical Exam for COPD

    Your medical history provides important clues that can help your health professional diagnose chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In taking your medical history, your health professional will ask questions about:Shortness of breath. When were you first short of breath (at exercise or at rest)? How often are you short of breath?How long have you been short of breath? Is it getting ...

  6. Thoracentesis

    Thoracentesis is a procedure to remove fluid from the space between the lungs and the chest wall called the pleural space.

  7. Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency Genetic Testing - What Is Genetic Counseling?

    Information from genetic testing can have a big impact on your life. Ask to have genetic counseling before making a decision about testing. Genetic counselors are trained to explain the test and its results, but you make the decision about whether to have the test. A genetic counselor can help you make well - informed decisions. Genetic counseling can help you and your family:Understand medical ..

  8. Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Infection - Home Treatment

    Most mild to moderate respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infections in otherwise healthy people are like the common cold and can be treated at home.

  9. Pulmonary Embolism - Other Treatment

    Learn how vena cava filters may be used in treating pulmonary embolism.

  10. Healthcare-Associated Pneumonia (Nosocomial Pneumonia) - Topic Overview

    What is healthcare-associated pneumonia? Healthcare-associated pneumonia (nosocomial pneumonia) is pneumonia that you get when you are in a hospital or nursing home. Experts generally consider it a more serious illness than pneumonia that people get in daily life (community-associated pneumonia). This is because the person with healthcare-associated pneumonia may already have a serious illness. ...

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