Splenectomy - Topic Overview
Splenectomy is surgery to remove the spleen. The spleen gets rid of old and damaged red blood cells. Red blood cells may be damaged by a health condition,such as thalassemia or sickle cell disease. When the blood cells pass through the spleen,they are often destroyed. This can leave the body with too few red blood cells. Some people have their spleen removed to keep from losing too many ...
Cystic Fibrosis: Helping Your Child Cough Up Mucus
Cystic fibrosis causes mucus to become thick and sticky, which can clog the lungs and cause serious problems. You can help your child maintain lung function and avoid complications from mucus buildup and blockage by performing an airway clearance technique (ACT). Postural drainage and chest percussion (PD & P) is one of several airway clearance techniques that help clear mucus from your child's ..
Postural drainage and chest percussion are often used together to help loosen and remove mucus from the lungs. These airway clearance techniques help people who have a spinal cord injury, cystic fibrosis, or another condition that makes it hard for mucus to drain from the lungs. When mucus collects in your lungs, it increases your risk for lung infections.Postural drainage uses gravity to help drain mucus into the mouth by placing the body in specific positions. Each position drains different areas (lobes) of the lung. The mucus can then be spit or coughed out.Chest percussion (chest physiotherapy) uses clapping of the chest with a cupped hand to vibrate the airways in the lungs. This vibration moves the mucus from smaller airways into larger ones where it can be coughed up. Chest percussion is done with the help of a partner, special electronic devices designed to vibrate the chest, or other instruments that a person can use to vibrate the chest safely.A doctor or respiratory
Cystic Fibrosis: Ways to Clear the Airways - Topic Overview
People with cystic fibrosis can get lung infections and other respiratory problems because of the buildup of thick, sticky mucus that traps bacteria. Talk to your doctor or respiratory therapist about airway-clearance methods and medicines that you can use to help get rid of mucus. Your doctor or respiratory therapist may suggest some things that you or your child can do at home to help clear mucus from the lungs. These include:Postural drainage and chest percussion, to help with coughing up mucus from the lungs. For specific instructions, see: Cystic Fibrosis: Helping Your Child Cough Up Mucus.Deep breathing exercises, to help with breathing out completely and to strengthen the muscles used for breathing. Directed cough, to help clear mucus by breathing and coughing in specific ways. Exercise. Aerobic exercise can improve how well the lungs work. Ask your doctor about what kinds of exercise you or your child should do.Other methods use mechanical equipment to help clear mucus from
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) - Latest Information About SARS
The following health organizations are tracking and studying severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). Their Web sites contain the most up - to - date information, including advice for travelers.The World Health Organization (WHO) offers information about the status of the disease around the world, including summaries of research meetings and an archive of articles about the SARS outbreak of 2003.
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) - Overview
What is SARS?Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a recently identified respiratory illness that first infected people in parts of Asia, North America, and Europe in late 2002 and early 2003. SARS is caused by a previously unknown type of coronavirus, a family of viruses that often cause mild to moderate upper respiratory illness, such as the common cold. This virus is known as SARS - CoV.
COPD: Handling a Flare-Up - Topic Overview
If you have COPD,your usual shortness of breath could suddenly get worse. You may start coughing more and have more mucus. This flare-up is called a COPD exacerbation or a COPD attack. A lung infection or air pollution could set off an attack. Or it may happen after a quick change in temperature or being around chemicals. You may not always know the cause. What are the warning signs? When ...
Conserving Energy When You Have COPD or Other Chronic Conditions - Topic Overview
What does it mean to conserve energy?Cooking dinner, putting away laundry, or even just walking across your living room can be exhausting when you have COPD, heart failure, or another long-term (chronic) condition. You may feel at times as though you've lost your ability to live your life.Conserving, or saving, your energy means finding ways of doing daily activities with as little effort as possible. With some planning and tips, you can get tasks done more easily and enjoy your daily routine.How can you conserve energy in daily activities?Plan activitiesMake a list of what you have to do every day. Group the tasks by location, so you do all the chores you have in one part of your house around the same time.Go out for errands or do chores at the time of day when you have the most energy.Leave plenty of time to do tasks or get to events. That way you aren't rushed and breathless to get somewhere. Include rest periods in your day.Ask for help from family or friends for chores that are
What Causes COPD?
Smoking, dirty air in the workplace, and asthma can lead to COPD. Learn what causes this lung problem and how to protect your lungs.
AAT Deficiency Starts in the Liver
If you have AAT deficiency, you may worry about liver disease. AAT deficiency can cause liver disease, most often in infants and small children.