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Lung Disease & Respiratory Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Lung

  1. Postural Drainage and Chest Percussion - Topic Overview

    Postural drainage and chest percussion are often used together to help loosen and remove mucus from the lungs. These airway clearance techniques help people who have a spinal cord injury, cystic fibrosis, or another condition that makes it hard for mucus to drain from the lungs. When mucus collects in your lungs, it increases your risk for lung infections.Postural drainage uses gravity to help drain mucus into the mouth by placing the body in specific positions. Each position drains different areas (lobes) of the lung. The mucus can then be spit or coughed out.Chest percussion (chest physiotherapy) uses clapping of the chest with a cupped hand to vibrate the airways in the lungs. This vibration moves the mucus from smaller airways into larger ones where it can be coughed up. Chest percussion is done with the help of a partner, special electronic devices designed to vibrate the chest, or other instruments that a person can use to vibrate the chest safely.A doctor or respiratory

  2. COPD Flare-Ups - Topic Overview

    When you have COPD, especially if you have chronic bronchitis, you may sometimes have sudden attacks where your breathing and coughing symptoms suddenly get worse and stay that way. These attacks are called COPD exacerbations, or flare-ups. With treatment, many people recover and return to the same level of shortness of breath they had before the attack. These attacks are often life-threatening. If your symptoms suddenly get worse, and if taking your medicine doesn't help, have someone take you to the emergency room. Call if needed.COPD attacks often occur more frequently, last longer, and are more severe the longer you have COPD.CauseThe two most common causes of a COPD attack are:1A lung infection, such as acute bronchitis or pneumonia. Infections are the most common cause of COPD attacks. Infections usually are caused by viruses but can also be caused by bacteria.Air pollution.Other causes may include heart failure, allergic reactions, inhaling food or stomach contents into the

  3. Pneumonia - When To Call a Doctor

    The faster you get treatment, the faster you will get over pneumonia. This is especially true for the very young, for people older than 65, and for anyone with other long - lasting (chronic) health problems, such as asthma.

  4. Thoracentesis

    Thoracentesis is a procedure to remove fluid from the space between the lungs and the chest wall called the pleural space.

  5. COPD: Learning to Breathe Easier

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, is a lung disease that makes it hard to breathe. COPD gets worse over time, but you can take steps to breathe easier and feel better.

  6. How Cystic Fibrosis Affects the Sweat Glands - Topic Overview

    Cystic fibrosis can lower the normal salt levels in the body, which can lead to a variety of short- and long-term problems.Sweat glands cool the body by releasing perspiration (sweat) from the lower layers of the skin onto the surface. Sodium and chloride (salt) help carry water to the skin's surface and are then reabsorbed into the body. As the water evaporates, heat is carried away, and the body cools.In people who have cystic fibrosis, the salt travels to the skin's surface with the water and is not reabsorbed. Because of this, the skin of a child who has cystic fibrosis is abnormally salty. Parents may notice salty-tasting skin when they kiss the child. People who have cystic fibrosis can become quickly depleted of salts, especially when the weather is hot, when they exercise strenuously, or when they have a fever. Low salt levels in the body lead to fatigue, weakness, fever, muscle cramps, stomach pain, vomiting, dehydration, and heatstroke. To avoid these conditions, people who

  7. Sputum Cytology

    Sputum cytology examines a sample of sputum (mucus) under a microscope to determine whether abnormal cells are present. Sputum is not the same as saliva. Sputum is produced in the lungs and in the airways leading to the lungs.

  8. COPD: Avoiding Weight Loss

    Key pointsSome people with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)-especially those with emphysema-may be underweight and malnourished. People with COPD often lose weight. When you lose weight, you lose muscle mass, including the muscles that help you breathe. This may make breathing more difficult. About 1 in 4 people with COPD weighs too little for good health, and those who are ...

  9. Pulmonary Embolism - Health Tools

    Health tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health. Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. Eating a steady amount of vitamin K when you take warfarin (Coumadin) ...

  10. Conserving Energy When You Have COPD or Other Chronic Conditions - Health Tools

    Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. COPD: Learning to Breathe Easier

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