The best way to prevent the development and worsening of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is to not smoke. Other airway irritants (such as air pollution, chemical fumes, and dust) also can make COPD worse, but they are far less important than smoking in causing the disease. Stopping smoking is especially important if you have low levels of the protein alpha1 - antitrypsin. People who .
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is most often caused by smoking. Nearly everyone with COPD (80% to 90%) has been a long - term smoker, and research supports the fact that smoking cigarettes increases the risk of developing COPD.1 At least 10% to 15% of long - term smokers develop COPD with symptoms; some studies indicate up to 50% of long - term smokers older than age 45 develop COPD.
Your doctor will usually diagnose pneumonia by using your medical history, a physical exam, and a chest X - ray. Based on the medical history and physical exam, your doctor may start your treatment right away without doing other tests. The need for more t
The faster you get treatment, the faster you will get over pneumonia. This is especially true for the very young, for people older than 65, and for anyone with other long - lasting (chronic) health problems, such as asthma.
Risk factors for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) include those you can control, such as smoking, and others that you cannot control, such as inherited factors (genes).Risk factors you can controlTobacco smoking is the most important risk factor for COPD. In comparison, other risk factors are minor.At least 10% to 15% of all cigarette smokers develop COPD with symptoms; some studies ..