Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. COPD: Learning to Breathe Easier
People who have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) usually have some symptoms of both chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Your symptoms will change depending on the severity of your COPD.Key symptoms include:Long - term (chronic) cough.Chronic mucus (sputum) production when you cough.Repeated episodes of acute bronchitis.Shortness of breath that is persistent and gets worse, occurs during
People with cystic fibrosis can get lung infections and other respiratory problems because of the buildup of thick, sticky mucus that traps bacteria. Talk to your doctor or respiratory therapist about airway-clearance methods and medicines that you can use to help get rid of mucus. Your doctor or respiratory therapist may suggest some things that you or your child can do at home to help clear mucus from the lungs. These include:Postural drainage and chest percussion, to help with coughing up mucus from the lungs. For specific instructions, see: Cystic Fibrosis: Helping Your Child Cough Up Mucus.Deep breathing exercises, to help with breathing out completely and to strengthen the muscles used for breathing. Directed cough, to help clear mucus by breathing and coughing in specific ways. Exercise. Aerobic exercise can improve how well the lungs work. Ask your doctor about what kinds of exercise you or your child should do.Other methods use mechanical equipment to help clear mucus from
Surgical removal of a clot is called an embolectomy. This type of treatment for pulmonary embolism is rarely used. It is considered when the clot in the main pulmonary artery is extremely large and life-threatening and is causing severe symptoms.
In lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS),a large area of damaged lung is removed to allow the remaining lung tissue to expand when you breathe in. This surgery sometimes is done if you have severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with severe emphysema. 1 The National Emphysema Treatment Trial has examined the results of LVRS. The results of this study report that people not ...
Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health. Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. Breathing Exercises: How to Use a Manual Incentive Spirometer ...
Many people who have cystic fibrosis have low bone mineral density, because they have problems absorbing vitamin D and calcium, which are necessary for strong and healthy bones. Low bone mineral density can make a person who has cystic fibrosis more likely to have bone fractures or to develop osteopenia or osteoporosis in adulthood.Routine dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) tests can check the density and strength of your bones. Spending small amounts of time in the sun, exercising, taking vitamins, and eating nutritious foods can help prevent bone problems. People who have cystic fibrosis may also have painful or swollen joints (arthralgia or arthritis) from time to time. Often these joint problems do not last more than a week and any pain can usually be treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen.