Cystic fibrosis can lower the normal salt levels in the body, which can lead to a variety of short- and long-term problems.Sweat glands cool the body by releasing perspiration (sweat) from the lower layers of the skin onto the surface. Sodium and chloride (salt) help carry water to the skin's surface and are then reabsorbed into the body. As the water evaporates, heat is carried away, and the body cools.In people who have cystic fibrosis, the salt travels to the skin's surface with the water and is not reabsorbed. Because of this, the skin of a child who has cystic fibrosis is abnormally salty. Parents may notice salty-tasting skin when they kiss the child. People who have cystic fibrosis can become quickly depleted of salts, especially when the weather is hot, when they exercise strenuously, or when they have a fever. Low salt levels in the body lead to fatigue, weakness, fever, muscle cramps, stomach pain, vomiting, dehydration, and heatstroke. To avoid these conditions, people who
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can be managed, although it cannot be cured at this time. Management includes quitting smoking if you smoke, taking steps to avoid shortness of breath, and staying active and eating well. Also, learning about COPD and support from your family and friends will help you cope with COPD.Quitting smoking is the most important step you can take to prevent or
Sputum cytology examines a sample of sputum (mucus) under a microscope to determine whether abnormal cells are present. Sputum is not the same as saliva. Sputum is produced in the lungs and in the airways leading to the lungs.
People who have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) usually have some symptoms of both chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Your symptoms will change depending on the severity of your COPD.Key symptoms include:Long - term (chronic) cough.Chronic mucus (sputum) production when you cough.Repeated episodes of acute bronchitis.Shortness of breath that is persistent and gets worse, occurs during
Is this topic for you?This topic provides information about pleurisy, which usually results in chest pain. If you have chest pain that concerns you and that your doctor does not know about, see the topic Chest Pain.What is pleurisy?Pleurisy is swelling (inflammation) of the thin layers of tissue (pleura) covering the lungs and the chest wall. The outer layer of the pleura lines the inside of the .
Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. Cystic Fibrosis: Helping Your Child Cough Up Mucus
Doctors use antibiotics to treat pneumonia caused by bacteria, the most common cause of the condition. You usually will continue to take antibiotics for 5 to 14 days, although you may take them longer if you have an impaired immune system.
When you visit your doctor for suspected pneumonia,he or she will check: Your heart rate. It may be faster if you have a fever or are dehydrated. Your temperature. You usually have fever in pneumonia. Your breathing. Fast,shallow breathing; difficulty breathing; and shortness of breath often are symptoms of pneumonia. Whether you have chest pain. Your oxygen level. Other symptoms,if ...