Tuberculosis (TB) - Home Treatment
Home treatment for
tuberculosis (TB) focuses on taking the medicines
correctly to reduce the risk of developing
- Keep all your medical
- Take your medicines as prescribed.
- Report any side effects of
the medicines, especially vision problems.
- If you plan to move during the time
that you are being treated, let your doctor know so that arrangements can be
made for you to continue the treatment.
Healthy eating and exercise
During treatment for
TB, eat healthy foods and get enough sleep and some exercise to help your body
fight the infection.
If you are losing too much weight, eat
balanced meals with enough protein and calories to help you keep weight
on. If you need help,
ask to talk with a
- If you do not feel like eating, eat your favorite foods.
Eat smaller meals several times a day instead of a few large
- Drink high-calorie protein shakes between meals. Or try
nutritious drinks, such as Ensure.
- If you feel sick to your
stomach, try drinking peppermint or ginger tea.
- Ask your doctor
when it is safe for you to exercise. When you can go outside, walking is good
way to get exercise. Start slowly if you have not been active. Try one
20-minute or two 10-minute walks to start. Slowly increase your time. Try to
walk as often as you can.
Because TB treatment takes so
long, it is normal to:
- Be embarrassed about having TB and worried that
other people will find out about it.
- Feel bad because
people have to wear a mask to keep from getting infected when they are near
- Feel isolated and alone because you cannot go to work,
school, or public places until you can no longer infect other
- Be worried about losing income or losing your job
during treatment. You may also worry about paying for your medicines and doctor
- Feel guilty about the stress this is causing to
family members or friends who are worried about getting TB or already have
- Feel depressed.
Your doctor or health department can help you find a
counselor or social worker to help you cope with your feelings. If you cannot
afford counseling or treatment, there may be places that offer free or less costly
- Don't go to work or school while you can
spread the TB infection. Sleep in a bedroom by yourself until you can no longer
infect other people.
- Open windows in a room where you must stay
for a while, if the weather allows it. This can help get rid of TB bacteria
from the air in the room.
- Cover your mouth
when you sneeze or cough. Until you have been on antibiotics for about 2 weeks,
you can easily spread the disease to others. After coughing, dispose of the
soiled tissue in a covered container. Talk with your doctor about other
precautions you can take to prevent the spread of TB.