antibiotics are used at the same time to treat active
tuberculosis (TB) disease. For people who have
multidrug-resistant TB, treatment may continue for as
long as 24 months. These antibiotics are given as pills or injections.
For active TB, there are
different treatment recommendations for people who have HIV and TB, people who have
drug-resistant TB, children, and pregnant women.
Recommended Related to Lung Disease/Respiratory Problems
TB disease that occurs in parts
of your body other than the lungs (extrapulmonary TB) usually is treated with the same medicines and for the same length
of time as active TB in the lungs (pulmonary TB). But TB throughout the body
(miliary TB) or TB that affects the brain or the bones and joints in children
may be treated for at least 12 months.
One antibiotic usually is used to treat
latent TB infection, which cannot be spread to others but can develop into
active TB disease. The antibiotic usually is taken for 4 to 9 months.1
Multiple-drug therapy to treat TB usually involves
taking four antibiotics at the same time. This is the standard treatment for
What to think about
If you miss doses of medicine or you stop treatment too soon,
your treatment may go on longer or you may have to start over. This can also
cause the infection to get worse or lead to antibiotic-resistant infections
that are much harder to treat.
Taking all of the medicines is especially
important for people who have an impaired immune system. They may be at an
increased risk for a relapse because the original TB infection was never
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
April 15, 2011
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
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