Tuberculosis (TB) - Surgery
Surgery is rarely used to treat
tuberculosis (TB). But it may be used to treat
extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) or to treat complications of an
infection in the lungs or another part of the body.
Repair lung damage, such as serious bleeding
that cannot be stopped any other way, or repeated lung infections other than
TB. Remove a pocket of bacteria that cannot be killed with
long-term medicine treatment.
Surgery has a high success rate, but it also has a risk of
complications, which may include infections other than TB and shortness of
breath after surgery.
Surgery for TB outside the lungs
may be needed to remove or repair organs damaged by TB in parts of the body
other than the lungs (
extrapulmonary TB) or to prevent other
rare complications, such as: TB infection of the brain (TB
meningitis). Your doctor may surgically place a tube
(shunt) that drains excess fluid from the brain to prevent a buildup of
pressure that can further damage the brain. TB infections of the
pericarditis). Your surgeon may partially remove or
repair the infected sac around the heart. TB infection of the
kidneys (renal TB). Your surgeon may need to either remove your infected kidney
or repair the kidney or other parts of the urinary system. TB
infection of the joints. You may need surgery to repair damaged areas of your
spine or joints (orthopedic surgery).