While some people with
alternative or complementary therapies (such as special diets, fish oils, or
chiropractic treatment), these are not proven treatments for lupus.
Some therapies that focus on relaxation can help you cope with having a
long-lasting (chronic) disease and may significantly improve your quality of
life. These relaxation therapies include yoga,
guided imagery, and massage.
It's not easy to recognize lupus right away. Lupus symptoms mimic those of other diseases -- and the symptoms vary from one person to another.
Before a diagnosis of lupus is given, your health care provider will attempt to rule out other conditions, including other connective-tissue diseases (such as rheumatoid arthritis), an infection, and cancer. Tests your health care provider may perform include:
A complete blood count, to look for reduced numbers of red blood cells, white blood cells,...
therapies now being studied are meant to change how the
immune system works so that they can keep the disease
from progressing. These newer treatments include stem cell transplantation and
Immunoablation with or without stem cell transplantationstem cell transplantation is
being studied as a treatment for severe lupus that has not been controlled with all other treatments. Immunoablation uses powerful
drugs to wipe out the damaged immune system. After immunoablation, either the
bone marrow is allowed to replace itself, or it is partially replaced through a
stem cell transplant. The transplant replaces damaged or destroyed bone marrow
cells with healthy cells, or stem cells. Stem cells are immature cells that are
produced in the bone marrow. They can divide to produce more stem cells. Or they can
mature into red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. More study of
these treatments for lupus is needed.
Biologic treatment blocks specific steps in the
autoimmune process without suppressing the entire
immune system. Researchers are currently experimenting with very specific
substances, such as antibodies and nucleotides, that block certain steps
of the autoimmune process. Rituximab is an antibody directed against
certain immune cells that may have a role in lupus. It is approved for treating
rheumatoid arthritis. Studies are looking at the use of rituximab for lupus. It
is beginning to be used for lupus flares that have not responded to other
immunosuppressive therapies. In some cases, rituximab has been associated with
serious side effects such as breathing difficulty, heart problems, or severe
infection. So the use of rituximab is closely watched.
called prasterone in the United States) is an androgenic dietary supplement
that is derived from the wild yam. Experts suggest only using
pharmaceutical-grade (versus "natural") DHEA. Results of research are mixed. But most studies show the drug has no more impact on the lupus itself than a placebo.2 The most common side effects of DHEA are acne and facial hair
growth in women and hair loss in men. Because this supplement is a hormonal
substance, talk to your doctor before using it. And have your DHEA blood levels
checked every 6 months. Long-term effects are not known.
Plasmapheresis, the removal of some parts
of the blood, is rarely used as treatment for lupus except for certain severe cases in
which other treatments have not worked.3
Intravenous gamma globulin (IgG) may be used to treat lupus that has not responded to other treatment. There is not good evidence that this works for lupus.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
May 10, 2012
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
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