When melanoma spreads (metastasizes),it usually spreads first into nearby lymph nodes. It can also spread through the bloodstream. Distant metastases of melanoma typically are found in the skin,liver,lungs,bone,and brain. If the primary melanoma is on a leg or arm,metastases usually are first found higher up on that leg or arm. Unusual sites for metastases include the eye. Most deaths ...
Home treatment after removal of a skin cancer includes regular use of skin protection measures to prevent a return (recurrence) of nonmelanoma skin cancer and regular exams to watch for suspicious skin changes.
Risk factors for melanoma include: History of exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Sun exposure is the single most important risk factor for melanoma. History of sunburns, previous melanoma or other skin cancer, and family history of melanoma are also
Surgery to remove (excise) a melanoma removes the entire melanoma along with a border (margin) of normal - appearing skin. The width of the border of normal skin removed depends on the depth of the melanoma.
Radiation therapy uses high doses of radiation to destroy or shrink advanced or metastatic melanoma with little harm to nearby healthy tissue. Radiation damages the genetic material of cancer cells, stopping their growth. Treatment is usually done several times a week for up to 6 weeks. ...
Laser surgery uses a wavelength of light that is focused in a narrow beam. This high-intensity light is used to shrink or destroy skin cancers or pre-cancers (actinic keratosis). With lasers, there is usually less bleeding, swelling, and scarring. Healing is quicker, and you are less likely to get an infection.Several different types of lasers are used to treat skin cancers, including the carbon dioxide (CO2) laser.
Excessive exposure to the sun and its ultraviolet (UV) rays can cause skin cancer. You can reduce your risk for skin cancer by: Protecting your skin, and that of your family members, from UV radiation.Performing frequent skin self - examinations.Finding out whether you have an increased risk of developing melanoma and other skin cancers. What do I need to know about ultraviolet radiation and my ..
What is melanoma? Melanoma is a form of skin cancer that starts in the pigment - producing skin cells called melanocytes. These cells become abnormal, grow uncontrollably, and aggressively invade surrounding tissues.