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    Melanoma/Skin Cancer Health Center

    Medical Reference Related to Melanoma Skin Cancer

    1. Radiation Treatment for Cancer

      Radiation therapy uses high doses of radiation to destroy or shrink advanced or metastatic melanoma with little harm to nearby healthy tissue. Radiation damages the genetic material of cancer cells, stopping their growth. Treatment is usually done several times a week for up to 6 weeks. ...

    2. Topic Overview

      Skin cancer is often or usually caused by years of too much sun exposure. More than 90% of all skin cancers are found on body parts that get the most sun most of the time. The face,neck,ears,hands,and arms are common body parts that get skin cancer. Skin cancer can often be prevented by avoiding overexposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays (UV rays). UV rays from artificial sources,such as ...

    3. Skin Cancer, Non Melanoma Guide - Topic Overview

      Is this topic for you? This topic is about nonmelanoma skin cancer, including basal cell cancer and squamous cell cancer. For information about melanoma skin cancer, see the topic Skin Cancer, Melanoma.

    4. Skin Cancer, Non Melanoma Guide - When To Call a Doctor

      Call your health professional if you have an irritated or irregular skin growth.

    5. What Happens

      Melanoma develops when normal pigment - producing skin cells called melanocytes become abnormal, grow uncontrollably, and invade surrounding tissues. Usually only one melanoma develops at a time. Although melanomas can begin in an existing mole or other s

    6. What Increases Your Risk

      Risk factors for melanoma include: History of exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Sun exposure is the single most important risk factor for melanoma. History of sunburns, previous melanoma or other skin cancer, and family history of melanoma are also

    7. Skin Cancer, Non Melanoma Guide - What Happens

      Nonmelanoma skin cancer usually develops slowly, invading and destroying nearby tissues. It may take months or years for basal cell or squamous cell carcinomas to develop. Because of this slow growth, skin cancer can often be detected and treated early in

    8. Exams and Tests

      A physical exam of skin is used to evaluate the skin for melanoma. If melanoma is suspected, a skin biopsy will be done. For this, your health professional will remove a sample of skin tissue and send it to a pathologist to be examined under a microscope.

    9. Laser Surgery for Skin Cancer

      Laser surgery uses a wavelength of light that is focused in a narrow beam. This high-intensity light is used to shrink or destroy skin cancers or pre-cancers (actinic keratosis). With lasers, there is usually less bleeding, swelling, and scarring. Healing is quicker, and you are less likely to get an infection.Several different types of lasers are used to treat skin cancers, including the carbon dioxide (CO2) laser.

    10. Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult Primary Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Symptoms

      Early signs: The most important warning sign for melanoma is a change in size, shape, or color of a mole or other skin growth, such as a birthmark. Watch for changes that occur over a period of 1 month to 1 or 2 years.

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