A physical exam of skin is used to evaluate the skin for melanoma. If melanoma is suspected, a skin biopsy will be done. For this, your health professional will remove a sample of skin tissue and send it to a pathologist to be examined under a microscope.
Melanoma develops when normal pigment - producing skin cells called melanocytes become abnormal, grow uncontrollably, and invade surrounding tissues. Usually only one melanoma develops at a time. Although melanomas can begin in an existing mole or other s
Early signs: The most important warning sign for melanoma is a change in size, shape, or color of a mole or other skin growth, such as a birthmark. Watch for changes that occur over a period of 1 month to 1 or 2 years.
Health tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health. Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition such as skin cancer-melanoma.
Interferon given before or after surgery is standard treatment for melanoma that has spread to the lymph nodes. The use of interferon may increase the survival rate of some people with stage III melanoma. Melanoma that has spread to distant sites is rarel
The most common causes of melanoma are: Exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun between 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. and exposure at high altitudes. Damage to the DNA of melanocytes from exposure to the sun and its UV light radiation is the single most
The primary risk factor for developing melanoma is excessive exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun. Some experts believe that 65% or more of melanoma is caused by exposure to the sun, especially during childhood.
Risk factors for melanoma include: History of exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Sun exposure is the single most important risk factor for melanoma. History of sunburns, previous melanoma or other skin cancer, and family history of melanoma are also