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What Increases Your Risk

A risk factor for melanoma is something that increases your chance of getting this cancer. Having one or more of these risk factors can make it more likely that you will get melanoma. But it doesn't mean that you will definitely get it. And many people who get melanoma don't have any of these risk factors.

Risk factors for melanoma include:1

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Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the second most common form of skin cancer. It’s usually found on areas of the body damaged by UV rays from the sun or tanning beds. Sun-exposed skin includes the head, neck, ears, lips, arms, legs, and hands. SCC is a fairly slow-growing skin cancer. Unlike other types of skin cancer, it can spread to the tissues, bones, and nearby lymph nodes, where it may become hard to treat. When caught early, it’s easy to treat. Certain things make you more likely to ...

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  • Too much exposure to the sun's UV rays. This includes:
    • Having had blistering sunburns at any time of life.
    • Getting intense sun exposure every now and then.
  • Fair skin that doesn't tan and tends to sunburn or freckle, along with blue or green eyes or red or blond hair.
  • Numerous moles and/or more than one atypical mole.
  • A large mole you have had since birth.
  • A personal or family history of melanoma.
  • Changes in your genes, like the change that causes a skin disease called Xeroderma pigmentosum.

WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: November 14, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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