Melanoma Skin Cancer Strikes Again
Study Shows 8% of Patients Get Melanoma Again within 2 Years of 1st Diagnosis
April 17, 2006 -- MelanomaMelanomaskin cancer may return more often than expected, experts report in the Archives of Dermatology.
Melanoma is the most serious type of skincancercancer. It's much rarer than nonmelanoma skin cancers.
The study included 354 melanoma patients living in New Hampshire. The findings include:
- 27 patients (8%) had recurrent melanoma within two years of their first diagnosis.
- 20 patients (6%) had recurrent melanoma within a year of their first diagnosis.
- Atypical molesmoles upped the odds of recurrent melanoma.
- Melanoma didn't always return in the same spot.
Melanoma patients should be closely monitored, and past studies have shown lower melanoma recurrence rates, note Linda Titus-Ernstoff, PhD, and colleagues.
Titus-Ernstoff works in Dartmouth Medical School's community and family medicine department and the Norris Cotton Cancer Center at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center in Lebanon, N.H.
Interview and Skin Check
The researchers interviewed each patient by telephone for 40 minutes.
In the interviews, participants disclosed their family history of melanoma, natural hair color at age 20, eye color, and sunburns starting when participants were 10 years old. Patients also got skin exams by doctors.
For comparison, the researchers also studied 327 people with a one-time history of melanoma who did not have a history of another new melanoma. All participants were about 53 years old, on average, when they were first diagnosed.
Almost all participants in both groups had at least one benign mole (96% of past melanoma patients and 94% of the comparison group); most had less than 15. Benign moles weren't associated with greater risk of melanoma recurrence -- but the same wasn't true of atypical moles.
In the new study, atypical moles were linked to a higher rate of recurrent melanomamelanoma.
Atypical moles have at least three of the following features: diameter larger than 5 millimeters, redness, varied colors, irregular or ill-defined borders, and a flat portion of the mole.
The more atypical moles a past melanoma patient had, the greater the odds of having recurrent melanoma. Past melanoma patients with at least three atypical moles were more than four times as likely to have recurrent melanoma, compared with those with no atypical moles, the researchers write.
Atypical moles were also more common with recurrent melanoma than in the comparison group. Of the 27 patients with recurrent melanoma, 63% had at least one atypical mole. So did 37% of the comparison group.