Steroids Cause Hormone Imbalances
For teens, hormone balance is important. Hormones are involved in the
development of a girl's feminine traits and a boy's masculine traits. When
someone abuses steroids, gender mix-ups happen.
Using steroids, guys can experience shrunken testicles and reduced sperm
count. They can also end up with breasts, a condition called gynecomastia.
Using steroids, girls can become more masculine. Their voices deepen. They
grow excessive body hair. Their breast size decreases.
Teens at Risk for Stunted Growth
Teens who abuse steroids before the typical adolescent growth spurt risk
staying short and never reaching their full adult height. Why? Because the body
is programmed to stop growing after puberty. When hormone levels reach a
certain point, the body thinks it's already gone through puberty. So, bones get
the message to stop growing way too soon.
Steroid Abuse Can Be Fatal
When steroids get into the body, they go to different organs and muscles.
Steroids affect individual cells and make them create proteins. These proteins
The liver, for example, can grow tumors and develop cancer. Steroid abusers
may also develop a rare condition called peliosis hepatis in which blood-filled
cysts crop up on the liver. Both the tumors and cysts can rupture and cause
Steroids are no friend of the heart, either. Abusing steroids can cause
heart attacks and strokes, even in young athletes. Here's how: Steroid use can
lead to a condition called atherosclerosis, which causes fat deposits inside
arteries to disrupt blood flow. When blood flow to the heart is blocked, a
heart attack can occur. If blood flow to the brain is blocked, a stroke can
To bulk up the artificial way-using steroids-puts teens at risk for more
than liver disease and cardiovascular disease. Steroids can weaken the immune
system, which is what helps the body fight against germs and disease. That
means that illnesses and diseases have an easy target in a steroid abuser.
By injecting steroids by needle, teens can add HIV and hepatitis B and C to
their list of health hazards. Many abusers share non-sterile "works" or
drug injection equipment that can spread life-threatening viral infections.
Steroids Can Cause Extreme Mood Changes
Steroids can also mess with your head. Homicidal rage can come from how
steroids act on the brain. That's right. Non-violent people have been known to
commit murder under the influence of these synthetic hormones.
Your moods and emotions are balanced by the limbic system of your brain.
Steroids act on the limbic system and may cause irritability and mild
depression. Eventually, steroids can cause mania, delusions, and violent
aggression or "roid rage."
Steroids' Disfiguring Effects
Last, but not least, steroids have disfiguring effects-severe acne, greasy
hair, and baldness (in both guys and girls).
The bottom line is: Science proves the serious risks of steroid use.