According to legend, lore, and some fact, President Theodore Roosevelt may well have been the downright friendliest U.S. president we've ever had. One reason: On New Year's Day 1907, he set what was then -- and may still be -- the world record for the number of handshakes in a single day -- 8,150 to be exact.
According to those following the presidential campaigns of George W. Bush and John Kerry, there could soon be a new world record: Both men, it seems, are extremely fond of this traditional political "vote for me" greeting.
Once it was simple. You got married, had kids, worked the land, and stayed
married whether you could stand each other or not. The concept of "a happy
marriage" was no more
relevant than the idea of "a pretty tractor."
"That has changed over time as marriage has become more
independent," says Steven Nock, a professor of sociology who studies
marriage at the University of Virginia and author of Marriage in Men's
Lives. "Couples don't need each other for quite as many things as they
The problem however -- in Roosevelt's day as well as now -- is that handshaking isn't exactly the healthiest way to win an election. Indeed, if experts are right, as we cruise head-on into cold and respiratory virus season, both Kerry and Bush could end up spending Election Day home in bed with the sniffles -- or worse -- as a result of those pre-election handshakes.
"Eighty percent of all infectious diseases are transmitted by contact both direct and indirect -- direct such as kissing, indirect such as shaking someone's hand," says Philip M. Tierno Jr., PhD, director of clinical microbiology and immunology at New York University Medical Center.
Though the germs don't ooze from our pores, he says, covering your mouth when you cough, wiping your nose with a tissue, even failing to wash your hands after using the bathroom can all leave germs on your skin that can get passed on during a handshake.
"If you eat or drink something without washing your hands, or if you touch your own nose, mouth, or eyes after shaking someone's hand, you can introduce whatever germ was on their hand, and now your hand, into the portals of your body," says Tierno.
Indeed, hand-to-hand contact can be such a potent way of passing germs that the CDC issued a special advisory which reads, in part, "The most important thing that you can do to keep from getting sick is to wash your hands."
Tierno agrees: "Frequent hand washing is the single most important weapon we have against disease."
You certainly won't get any arguments from billionaire real estate mogul and author Donald Trump. A self-confessed "clean freak," the star of The Apprentice made headlines a few years back when, while toying with the idea of running for president himself, he admitted there would be no hand shaking at Camp Donald unless he could wash his hands after every shake.
But what if the campaign trail doesn't lead a candidate to soap and water? Well, all you presidential wannabes can steal a page from George W. Bush's Republican diary and use a soap-free, water-free, alcohol-based skin sanitizer -- a liquid cleanser that you rub into your hands to kill germs. Indeed, during the hand-shaking furor of the 2000 presidential campaign, spokesman Scott McClellan told WebMD that Bush had been known to rely on a "hand sanitizer before he eats something," who also added that the president does, in fact, enjoy pumping the hands of constituents.
Apparently a bipartisan solution, former Democratic President Bill Clinton -- a notorious hand-shaker -- has also been known to use a hand-sanitizing product when out in a crowd.