Skip to content

    Men's Health

    Font Size
    A
    A
    A

    FDA Expands Mad Cow Disease Safeguards

    Tighter Rules on Cattle Feed, Slaughtering, Processing
    By
    WebMD Health News

    Feb. 12, 2004 -- An FDA advisory panel is discussing new safeguards to further prevent risk of mad cow disease, specifically in medical products.

    According to FDAAdvisoryCommittee.com, the FDA is proposing the use of certified cattle herds for material used in medical products.

    The measure is intended to reduce the risk of bovine spongiform encephalopathy or BSE, also known as mad cow disease, from being transmitted to drugs, devices, vaccines, blood products, and human and tissue-based products.

    The committee will also get an update on the discovery last December of BSE in a dairy cow in Washington State.

    Protecting Americans

    Over the last 15 years, the FDA has gradually implemented safety measures to protect Americans from the BSE agent thought to cause mad cow disease. The measures currently in place:

    • Ban the importing of BSE-exposed cattle
    • Provide surveillance of cattle for BSE (which led to identification of the BSE cow in December)

    • Prohibit feeding bovine-derived meat to cattle

    • Ensure that no meat from high-risk cattle enter the human food supply

    In the wake of the first reported case of mad cow disease in the U.S. last December, new measures were put in place to further protect human food, dietary supplements, medical products, and cosmetics that contain bovine material.

    The FDA bans include:

    • Any material from "downer" cattle that cannot walk
    • Any material from cattle that die on the farm before reaching the slaughter plant

    • Specific cattle material known to harbor the highest concentrations of the BSE agent, such as the brain, skull, eyes, and spinal cord of cattle 30 months or older, and a portion of the small intestines and tonsils from all cattle regardless of the animal's age or health

    • Meat that has been mechanically scraped from bones, which could contain high-risk material

    Also, the FDA banned the use of:

    • Poultry litter as feed for cattle, currently a practice in large cattle and poultry operations. Poultry litter is essentially chicken house litter -- bedding, spilled feed, feathers, and fecal matter. Because poultry feed may legally contain meat and bone meal from cattle -- including meat not allowed in cattle feed -- the concern is that it could contaminate cattle.
    • "Plate waste," which consists of uneaten meat and other scraps that are currently collected from some large restaurant operations and rendered into meat and bone meal for animal feed

    Cattle feed producers will be required to dedicate specific equipment, facilities, or production lines to handle only cattle feed, to prevent contamination from other types of animal feed. Inspections of feed mills and renderers will also be stepped up, says the FDA.

    Today on WebMD

    man coughing
    Men shouldn’t ignore.
    man swinging in hammock
    And how to get out it.
     
    shaving tools
    On your shaving skills.
    muscular man flexing
    Four facts that matter.
     
    Food Men 10 Foods Boost Male Health
    Slideshow
    Thoughtful man sitting on bed
    Quiz
     
    Man taking blood pressure
    Slideshow
    doctor holding syringe
    Slideshow
     
    Condom Quiz
    Quiz
    thumbnail_angry_couple_in_bed
    Slideshow
     
    man running
    Quiz
    older couple in bed
    Video