A prostate biopsy has a slight risk of causing
problems such as:
- Infection. This is more common in men who have
prostatitis. Usually, taking antibiotic medicine
before the biopsy prevents an infection from developing.
into the urethra or
bladder. This can cause a blood blister (hematoma), an
inability to urinate, or a need to urinate often.
- Bleeding from the
rectum. If you have a transrectal biopsy, you may experience a small amount of
bleeding from your rectum for 2 to 3 days after the biopsy.
allergic reaction to the anesthetic medicines used
during the biopsy.
After the biopsy
Call your doctor immediately if
- Have heavy bleeding or bleeding continues
longer than 2 to 3 days.
- Have increased pain.
- Have a
- Are unable to urinate within 8 hours or have blood in the
urine for longer than 2 to 3 days.
prostate gland biopsy is a test to remove small
samples of prostate tissue to be examined under a microscope. Results are
usually available within 10 days.
If cancer cells are present, a grade (Gleason score) will be given, which your doctor will discuss with you. The
Gleason score is considered a tool for predicting how aggressive the cancer
What Affects the Test
Reasons you may not be able to
have the test or why the results may not be helpful include:
- The biopsy may not contain enough tissue to
make a diagnosis.
- A chance that a cancer may be missed since the
biopsy takes a small amount of tissue.
What To Think About
- Normal prostate biopsy results do not rule out
- If the prostate biopsy results show cancer, other tests may
be needed to determine the spread of the cancer. These tests may include a
blood test (prostate-specific antigen), bone scan,
lymph node biopsy, or
computed tomography (CT) scan.
- Not all
types of prostate cancer are treated. There are many things to consider when
deciding on a treatment plan. To learn more, see the topic
- A prostate gland biopsy
does not cause problems with erections and will not make a man