What is benign prostatic hyperplasia?
prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a noncancerous enlargement of the
prostate gland that occurs in almost all men as they
age. The enlargement is usually harmless, but it often results in problems
urinating. About half of all men older than 75 have some symptoms.3
What are the risks of BPH?
BPH can be inconvenient
and may affect your quality of life, but it is usually not a serious
In a small number of cases, BPH may cause bladder outlet
obstruction (BOO), making it impossible or extremely difficult to urinate. This
may result in backed-up urine (urinary retention), leading to bladder
infections or stones or kidney damage.
BPH may also irritate the
bladder muscles as they enlarge to compensate for the increased force needed to
empty the bladder.
BPH does not cause prostate cancer and does
not affect a man's ability to father children. And it doesn't usually result in
erection problems. But there is some association
between severe symptoms of BPH and an increased risk of erection
If you need more information, see the topic
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH).