Prostatitis - Medications
prostatitis usually begins with antibiotics and
possibly other medicines to relieve symptoms. If you begin to get better, you
may have to continue taking antibiotics for 2 to 3 months. During this time, be sure to take the antibiotics as prescribed. If you do not begin to get
better while taking medicines, your doctor may want you to have more
Chronic prostatitis is usually treated first with
antibiotics based on the possibility that an infection was missed during
testing. But experts advise against long-term treatment with antibiotics
unless an unusual bacterial infection is suspected.
that may be used to treat chronic prostatitis include:
- Antibiotics. If
the symptoms begin to improve, it is possible that an undiagnosed infection is
responsible for the symptoms.
- Medicines that reduce pain and
inflammation (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs [NSAIDs]).
- Medicines that relax muscles throughout the body
(muscle relaxants) or that relax muscles in the
- Medicines that slow the
growth of the prostate (5-alpha reductase inhibitors).
that reduce anxiety, such as benzodiazepines. These medicines
work best when combined with counseling.
- Medicines that are used for chronic pain (anticonvulsants).
Acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis
Antibiotics are central to treating
chronic bacterial prostatitis. Your doctor may
prescribe certain antibiotics based on your medical history, symptoms, and
other factors such as your age. Other medicines may also be used to help
control symptoms, including:
Chronic bacterial prostatitis may require long-term
antibiotics, especially if the symptoms return. Some men need treatment with
low doses of antibiotics over a long period to control infection and prevent
urinary tract infections (UTIs).