How It Feels
The gel may feel cold when it is applied
to your scrotum unless it is first warmed to body temperature. You will feel
light pressure from the transducer as it passes over your scrotum. If the
ultrasound test is being done to determine the extent of damage from a recent
injury or to investigate testicular pain, the slight pressure of the transducer
may be somewhat painful. You will not hear the sound waves.
biopsy is done during the ultrasound, you may experience slight discomfort when
the sample is obtained.
There are no known risks associated with a
testicular ultrasound test.
ultrasound (sonogram) is a test that uses reflected
sound waves to produce a picture of the
The testicles are normal in shape and size
and are in the normal position.
There is no evidence of a noncancerous
(benign) or cancerous (malignant) lump in the testicles.
There is no evidence of infection or
inflammation of the testicles or
There is no twisting of the spermatic cord,
cutting off blood supply to the testicles (testicular torsion).
There is no sign of fluid in the scrotum
(hydrocele), blood in the scrotum (hematocele), fluid
in the epididymis (spermatocele), or pus in the scrotum (pyocele).
A lump is present in the testicle or there
are signs of a recurrent
Signs of infection or inflammation of the
testicles or epididymis is present.
The spermatic cord is twisted, cutting off
blood supply to the testicles (testicular torsion).
None or only one testicle is present in the
Fluid (hydrocele), blood (hematocele), or pus
(pyocele) is present in the scrotum or fluid is present in the epididymis
There is a
hernia in the scrotum.
What Affects the Test
Reasons you may not be able to
have the test or why the results may not be helpful include:
- Not being able to remain still during the
- Having an open sore or wound in the area that needs to be
What To Think About
- Testicular ultrasound is usually done to
evaluate a mass or pain in the testicles for possible cancer. Young men with a
testicular mass or pain should be evaluated immediately by a doctor. Testicular
cancer is the most common cancer in young men.
- With testicular
ultrasound, your doctor can usually tell the difference between a fluid-filled
cyst, a solid lump, or another type of mass.
- A fluid-filled mass that has a symmetrical shape and does
not have particles floating in it is likely to be a cyst or a
- A mass that does not have fluid, one that has fluid with
floating particles (atypical cyst), or one that is larger than expected needs
further evaluation. Often a follow-up ultrasound is done in 6 to 8 weeks to
allow time for the mass to go away on its own.
- If a solid lump or
an atypical cyst is present and a testicular ultrasound cannot determine
whether it is cancer, a
biopsy may be recommended.