Breast Cancer and Menopause
Can I Prevent Breast Cancer?
While there is no definitive way to prevent breast cancer, there are steps you can take to reduce your risk:
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Be physically active and get at least 30 minutes of moderate to vigorous exercise five or more days per week.
- Eat a healthy diet with at least five servings of fruits and vegetables daily; limit the amount of processed meat and red meat eaten.
- Women should drink no more than one alcoholic beverage daily (men should drink no more than two alcoholic beverages daily).
How Is Breast Cancer Detected and Diagnosed?
Detection of breast cancer in its early stages -- hopefully before it moves outside the breast -- can significantly improve the chances that treatment will be successful.
The survival rate from breast cancer increases when the disease is detected and treated early.
Many breast cancer experts, including the American Cancer Society, recommend beginning routine screening for breast cancer with a mammogram at age 45. Others suggest waiting till age 50. Your doctor may recommend starting earlier than age 45, depending on your individual risk factors.
The purpose of a mammogram is to find abnormalities that are too small to be seen or felt. However, mammograms will not detect all breast cancers, which is why physical breast exams are very important.
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommends that women in their 20s and 30s have a health care provider perform a breast exam every one to three years and then every year once they turn 40.
The ACS states that breast self-exams are an option for women starting in their 20s. Breast self-exams have been shown to have only a small role in diagnosing breast cancer. Women who choose to perform breast self-exams should have their technique reviewed during an exam by a health care provider. Any change in their breasts noted on breast self-exams should be reported promptly to a doctor.
Women who are considered to have an increased risk for breast cancer may benefit from getting a yearly MRI of their breasts along with their yearly mammogram. Three-dimensional mammography may also be an option for some women.