|Generic Name||Brand Name|
Clonidine is available by prescription only in pill or
How It Works
Clonidine is a blood pressure medicine
that relaxes the smooth muscle of blood vessels, causing them to widen, or
dilate. This reduces the pressure of blood flow through the artery. Clonidine's
effect on hot flashes is not well understood.
Why It Is Used
Clonidine can be used to treat hot
flashes. Because it is a nonhormonal treatment, women with a history of breast cancer can use it without increasing the risk of further cancer cell growth (as
in the case of estrogen treatment).
How Well It Works
Clonidine may relieve hot flashes for
some women. But studies have not shown that clonidine makes hot flashes less
severe or less frequent.1
If you have
high blood pressure and hot flashes, clonidine may be an effective choice for
Possible side effects of clonidine
- Drowsiness, fatigue.
Clonidine lowers blood pressure, so your blood pressure is
monitored while you are taking this medicine. With low blood pressure, sitting
or standing up quickly may make you dizzy (called postural or
patch may cause skin irritation.
See Drug Reference for a full
list of side effects. (Drug Reference is not available in all systems.)
What To Think About
The clonidine patch should be
Do not suddenly stop taking
clonidine. To stop clonidine use, slowly decrease your dose over 2 to 4 days to
prevent nervousness, agitation, headache, confusion, and tremor along with a
sudden rise in blood pressure (rebound hypertension).
hot flashes is an
Complete the new medication information form (PDF)(What is a PDF document?) to help you understand this medication.
Morris E, Rymer J (2007). Menopausal symptoms, search
date December 2006. Online version of BMJ Clinical Evidence. Also available online: