Skip to content
My WebMD Sign In, Sign Up

Menopause Health Center

Font Size
A
A
A

Menopause Glossary of Terms

Adjuvant therapy: Treatment provided in addition to the primary treatment.

Alternative medicine: Practices not generally recognized by the medical community as standard or conventional medical approaches.

Recommended Related to Menopause

Menopause, Weight Gain, and Exercise Tips

Menopause and weight gain. Do they always have to go hand in hand? It may seem that way, especially because gaining weight is so common after menopause. In fact, about 30% of women aged 50 to 59 are not just overweight, but obese. Here's what you need to know about the risks of weight gain and how exercise can help you lose weight and keep it off after menopause.

Read the Menopause, Weight Gain, and Exercise Tips article > >

Alzheimer's disease: A progressive disease in which nerve cells in the brain degenerate and brain matter shrinks, resulting in impaired thinking, behavior, and memory.

Amenorrhea: The absence of a woman's monthly period.

Androgens: A group of hormones that promote the development and maintenance of male sex characteristics.

Antidepressants: Medications used to treat depression.

Anti-hypertensive drugs: Medications used to treat high blood pressure.

Anti-inflammatory drugs: Drugs that reduce inflammation and/or swelling.

Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension, fear, nervousness, or dread accompanied by restlessness or tension.

Atherosclerosis: Also called hardening of the arteries, this is a disease characterized by a narrowing of the arteries caused by cholesterol-rich plaques. Atherosclerosis is a common cause of coronary artery disease or heart disease.

Biofeedback: A method of learning to voluntarily control certain body functions such as heartbeat, blood pressure, and muscle tension with the help of a special machine. This method can help control pain and other bodily functions.

Birth control: A way for men and women to prevent pregnancy. Methods include birth control pills, condoms, vaginal spermicides, intrauterine devices (IUDs), and vasectomy.

Bisphosphonates: A group of drugs used to treat or prevent osteoporosis and to treat the bone pain caused by some types of cancer.

Bladder: The sac that holds urine.

Bladder prolapse: A condition in which the bladder moves downward from its normal position. It is usually caused by a weakness in the pelvic floor after childbirth.

Bone mineral density (BMD): A term used to describe the amount of calcium present in bone.

Breast cancer: A disease in which abnormal cells in the breast divide and multiply in an uncontrolled fashion. The cells can invade nearby tissue and can spread through the bloodstream and lymphatic system (lymph nodes) to other parts of the body.

Calcium: A mineral taken in through the diet that is essential for a variety of bodily functions, such as the transmission of nerve impulses, muscle contraction and proper heart function. Imbalances of calcium can lead to many health problems. Calcium is also important for bone health.

Cancer: A general term for more than 100 diseases in which there is an uncontrolled, abnormal growth of cells. Cancer cells can spread through the bloodstream and lymphatic system to other parts of the body.

Cataracts: A cloudy or opaque area in the lens of the eye.

Cell proliferation: An increase in the number of cells as a result of cell growth and cell division.

Cervix: The lowest part of the womb, or uterus, through which babies pass when they are born.

Chemotherapy: Drugs that have a toxic effect on cells. Often used in the treatment of cancer to kill the cancerous cells.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6

WebMD Medical Reference

Today on WebMD

Menopause Overview Slideshow
Slideshow
Screening Tests for Women
Slideshow
 
thumbnail_man_feeding_woman_strawberry
Slideshow
Overweight man sitting on park bench
Video
 
Managing Menopause
Video
Thyroid exam
Quiz
 
Alcohol Disrupting Your Sleep
Article
senior couple
Article
 
Porous bone
Slideshow
woman collapsed over laundry
Quiz
 
Superfood for Bones
Slideshow
Oh Do You Know the Muffin Top
Article
 

WebMD Special Sections