Teen Alcohol and Drug Abuse - Why Some Teens Abuse Alcohol and Drugs
family, and community factors increase a teen's risk for using substances and
possibly developing a problem.
Personal risk factors
- Genetics. People with alcohol and drug abuse
problems often have a family history of substance abuse.
- Temperament and personality. Rebelliousness, resisting
authority, feelings of failure, and not having close relationships may lead a teen to use substances.
health problems.Teens who have untreated
attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD),
conduct disorder, depression or long-term depressed
feelings (dysthymia), post-traumatic stress disorder, or an
anxiety disorder are more likely to use alcohol or drugs. Alcohol and drugs may make these conditions
- Drug expectations. Teens often have the wrong ideas about the
harmful effects of substances. And they often think that
"everybody does it" and so should they.
- Early age at first use.
Using alcohol or other drugs at a young age greatly increases a teen's risk for
having an abuse problem.
Family risk factors
Teens are more likely to use alcohol or drugs if:
- A parent uses or abuses alcohol or other substances.
- A parent or teen has
attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
- They think their parents believe that teens experimenting with alcohol and drugs is expected and normal.
- Their family has frequent conflict, physical or sexual abuse, or stress.
- Parents aren't involved enough with their teens and don't supervise them. Harsh or
inconsistent punishment or being too lax also can increase the risk of alcohol and drug abuse.
Community risk factors
- Access to substances in the home and community.
influence. A teen may want to fit in with a group of peers, and those peers use substances.
- Promotion of alcohol, cigarettes, and drugs
by the media. The entertainment and other media show alcohol and cigarette
use as "cool" and as a way to gain popularity, success,
and sex appeal.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
July 20, 2012
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
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Teen Alcohol and Drug Abuse Topics