When to Seek Medical Care
If you have any questions, you could call your doctor, but if you are in
doubt whether someone needs immediate medical attention, you should go directly
to a hospital emergency department.
If you are concerned that you or someone else has taken an overdose, it is
very important that you seek medical help immediately. You should go to the
nearest emergency department or call 911 for help. After someone takes an
overdose, the effects may not become immediately obvious.
It will assist the doctors if you bring the pill containers with you because
it helps them determine the number and type of pills taken.
Exams and Tests
The diagnosis is based on findings from your medical history, examination,
and any lab tests performed.
- In acute ingestions, diagnosis is often obvious because you or your family
can tell the doctor exactly what was taken.
- The diagnosis of chronic drug abuse can be much more difficult because an
abuser and his or her family often try to cover up or hide what is going
- The emergency department workup of any possible toxic drug overdose
consists of an initial evaluation. Doctors will assess how well you are
breathing. The rest of the workup depends on you and your symptoms. The
physician will ask about many of the signs and symptoms. Unless you are willing
to admit that you are abusing benzodiazepines or family members are present to
help with the history, it is easy for you to cover up drug abuse.
- Monitoring and testing
- In the emergency department, you will usually be placed on a monitor
evaluating heart rate, blood pressure, and pulse oximetry. An IV line will be
started. Oxygen is given if you are short of breath or have a reduced level of
- Urine drug screens are sometimes performed. These lab tests can detect many
of the commonly abused drugs, including benzodiazepines (but may not be able to
discover them all). The urine drug screens do not, however, reveal a specific
level or amount of the drug taken. Urine is also usually tested for pregnancy
in all females of childbearing age.
- Blood samples, ECGs, and chest x-rays may be obtained if there is concern
that you may have taken other dangerous drugs.
Benzodiazepine Abuse Treatment Self-Care at Home
Drug abusers often deny their problem by playing down the extent of their
drug use or blaming job or family stress. The most important thing that can be
done at home is to recognize that there may be a problem and to seek help.
- Awareness of the signs and symptoms of abuse help with recognition.
- The next step is to try to obtain help for the person. This can be done
either through your doctor or by contacting many of the drug abuse help lines
in your community.