Choosing the right doctor and/or therapist for your mental health needs may seem like a daunting task. But, finding the right doctor is an important step towards getting proper treatment. A number of different types of doctors can treat mental illness, including the following:
Primary care doctors: In many cases, your primary care doctor may diagnose and treat your mental illness. When necessary, the primary care doctor will refer you to a specialist.
Holistic and alternative medicine doctors: These doctors are specialists in complementary and alternative medicines, holistic medicine, nutritional medicine, and herbal medicine treatments. These doctors may be able to prescribe standard medications but often choose different approaches that may combine natural medicines with mental health therapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). After these doctors determine appropriate wellness plans or treatments, they may recommend other mental health therapists such as life coaches, psychologists, or psychoanalysts.
Psychologists: Psychologists are trained to provide professional counseling on psychological and emotional issues. They can specialize in areas such as marital counseling, relaxation therapy, stress management, or sex therapy. Psychologists are not allowed to prescribe medications.
Psychoanalysts: Psychoanalysts follow Sigmund Freud's theories that painful childhood memories contained in the unconscious are the cause of emotional disturbances. Psychoanalysts can be psychiatrists, psychologists, or social workers by training. They deal with emotional issues through talk therapy and sometimes may also recommend medications, either prescribed by the therapist (if the therapist is a psychiatrist) or by another physician, Psychoanalytic therapy relies on the principle of transference, that is, a pattern of both conscious and unconscious feelings and thoughts about the analyst that reflect similar feelings and thoughts about other important figures in the patient's life (for example, parents). The goal of the treatment is to make the unconscious conscious so that the patient can begin to recognize maladaptive patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving that are no longer relevant to their current life circumstances. While psychotherapy is usually performed on a weekly to monthly schedule, psychoanalytic sessions may be conducted several times a week long term. Psychoanalysis or psychoanalytic psychotherapy is usually most appropriate for people who are struggling with problems around life satisfaction, relationships, and conflicts in pursuing personal or professional goals.
Psychiatrists: These professionals are medical doctors who specialize in the treatment of mental, emotional, or behavioral problems. A psychiatrist can prescribe medications and may establish therapy sessions to treat the patient.
The following are some suggestions to help you find the right doctor for you:
Kris Oser, 37, of Hastings-on-Hudson, N.Y., is an email fiend. A single
mother and director of communications for a market research company, she has to
be immediately accessible to executives and the news media.
That means Oser is often on the phone and messaging several people at the
same time -- and that can lead to trouble. In one recent gaffe, she mistakenly
emailed a reporter at The Wall Street Journal instead of her best
friend, asking her to pick up Oser’s daughter from school.