In addition to cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT), several types of counseling may be useful in treating eating disorders. Other therapies that may be helpful include:
Nutritional counseling, which teaches the person to eat three meals and two snacks a day and to avoid unhealthy diets.
Dialectical behavior therapy, which is a long-term approach that focuses on helping the person regulate emotions. Coping better with life's challenges and negative emotions should help you reduce the binge-purge behaviors.
Group counseling, which may enhance individual therapy. Often it is helpful to speak with other people who have this condition.
Family therapy. Family members can be very helpful to their loved one's recovery, especially for an adolescent with bulimia. Family therapy teaches about the disorder and ways to help.
Organized programs that provide self-help materials, such as manuals or computer-based activities, may be useful in treating eating disorders. But most people who have an eating disorder also need counseling and possibly medicine.