Why We Love Scary Movies
Horror films are more graphic than ever. Why do we watch, and what do scary movies do to us?
Scary Movies: The Fear Is Real
So is the fear you feel when you watch someone being chased by an
axe-wielding murderer any different from the fear you might feel if you were
actually being chased by an axe-wielding murderer?
The answer is no, at least not from where Glenn Sparks sits. Sparks, a
professor of communication at Purdue University, studies the effects of horror
films on viewers' physiology. When people watch horrific images, their
heartbeat increases as much as 15 beats per minute, Sparks tells WebMD. Their
palms sweat, their skin temperature drops several degrees, their muscles tense,
and their blood pressure spikes.
"The brain hasn't really adapted to the new technology [of movies],"
Sparks explains. "We can tell ourselves the images on the screen are not
real, but emotionally our brain reacts as if they are ... our 'old brain' still
governs our reactions."
When Sparks studied the physical effects of violent movies on young men, he
noticed a strange pattern: The more fear they felt, the more they claimed to
enjoy the movie. Why? Sparks believes scary movies may be one of the last
vestiges of the tribal rite of passage.
"There's a motivation males have in our culture to master threatening
situations," Sparks says. "It goes back to the initiation rites of our
tribal ancestors, where the entrance to manhood was associated with hardship.
We've lost that in modern society, and we may have found ways to replace it in
our entertainment preferences."
In this context, Sparks says, the gorier the movie, the more justified the
young man feels in boasting that he endured it. Other examples of modern tribal
rites include roller coasters and even frat-house hazing.
There are other theories to explain the appeal of scary movies. James B.
Weaver III, PhD, says many young people may be attracted to them merely because
adults frown on them. For adults, morbid curiosity may be at play -- the same
kind that causes us to stare at crashes on the highway, suggests Cantor. Humans
may have an innate need to stay aware of dangers in our environment, especially
the kind that could do us bodily harm, she says.
Yet another theory suggests that people may seek out violent entertainment
as a way of coping with actual fears or violence. Sparks points to a study that
showed that shortly after the murder of a college student in a community,
interest in a movie showing a cold-blooded murder increased, both among women
in the student's dormitory and in the community at large.
One popular explanation for the appeal of scary movies, expressed by the
likes of horror novelist Stephen King, is that they act as a sort of safety
valve for our cruel or aggressive impulses. The implication of this idea, which
academics dub "symbolic catharsis," is that watching violence
forestalls the need to act it out.