Find Information About:

Drugs & Supplements

Get information and reviews on prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and supplements. Search by name or medical condition.

Pill Identifier

Pill Identifier

Having trouble identifying your pills?

Enter the shape, color, or imprint of your prescription or OTC drug. Our pill identification tool will display pictures that you can compare to your pill.

Get Started

My Medicine

Save your medicine, check interactions, sign up for FDA alerts, create family profiles and more.

Get Started

WebMD Health Experts and Community

Talk to health experts and other people like you in WebMD's Communities. It's a safe forum where you can create or participate in support groups and discussions about health topics that interest you.

  • Second Opinion

    Second Opinion

    Read expert perspectives on popular health topics.

  • Community


    Connect with people like you, and get expert guidance on living a healthy life.

Got a health question? Get answers provided by leading organizations, doctors, and experts.

Get Answers

Sign up to receive WebMD's award-winning content delivered to your inbox.

Sign Up

Mental Health Center

Font Size

Tourette's Disorder - References

Other Works Consulted

  • Bloch MH, Leckman JF (2008). Tourette disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder in children and adolescents. In MH Ebert et al., eds., Current Diagnosis and Treatment: Psychiatry, 2nd ed., pp.641-656. New York: McGraw Hill.

  • Chadehumbe MA, et al. (2011). Psychopharmacology of tic disorders in children and adolescents. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 58(1): 259-272.

  • Fahn S, et al. (2010). Gilles de la Tourette syndrome. In LP Rowland, TA Pedley, eds., Merritt's Neurology, 12th ed., pp. 735-737. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.

  • Himle MB, et al. (2006). Brief review of habit reversal training for Tourette syndrome. Journal of Child Neurology, 21(8): 719-725.

  • Jummani R, Coffey BJ (2009). Tic disorders. In BJ Sadock et al., eds., Kaplan and Sadock's Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry, 9th ed., vol. 2, pp. 3609-3623. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.

  • Murphy TK, et al. (2010). The immunobiology of Tourette's disorder, pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with Streptococcus, and related disorders: A way forward. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 20(4): 317-331.

  • Murray BJ (2006). Tourette syndrome. In MR Dambro, ed., Griffith's 5-Minute Clinical Consult, pp. 1132-1133. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.

  • Piacentini JC, Chang SW (2006). Behavioral treatments for tic suppression: Habit reversal training. Advances in Neurology, 99: 227-233.

  • Ropper AH, Samuels MA (2009). Tremor, myoclonus, focal dystonias, and tics. In Adams and Victor's Principles of Neurology, 9th ed., pp. 89-110. New York: McGraw-Hill.

  • Simpson DM, et al. (2008). Assessment: Botulinum neurotoxin for the treatment of movement disorders (an evidence-based review). Report of the Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Neurology, 70(19): 1699-1706.

  • Stubbe D (2007). Tourette disorder and other tic disorders. In Child and Adolescent Psychiatry: A Practical Guide, pp. 87-93. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.

  • Ursano AM, et al. (2008). Disorders usually first diagnosed in infancy, childhood, or adolescence. In RE Hales et al., eds., American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Psychiatry, 5th ed., pp. 898-920. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing.

    WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

    Last Updated: November 14, 2014
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
    Next Article:

    Today on WebMD

    Differences between feeling depressed or feeling blue.
    lunar eclipse
    Signs of mania and depression.
    man screaming
    Causes, symptoms, and therapies.
    woman looking into fridge
    When food controls you.
    Woman standing in grass field barefoot, wind blowi
    senior man eating a cake
    woman reading medicine warnings
    depressed young woman
    man with arms on table
    man cringing and covering ears

    WebMD Special Sections