Antiseizure medicines are sometimes used to prevent the
frequency or recurrence of
cluster headaches, which are cycles of painful,
one-sided headaches. Antiseizure medicines most often prescribed for cluster
headaches include valproate and topiramate. These medicines are usually tried with another medicine to prevent cluster headaches.
It is not clear exactly how
antiseizure medicines work to reduce cluster headaches or
migraines. Antiseizure medicines are usually taken
daily in small doses and then gradually increased until your symptoms subside
or the side effects become intolerable.
Since it is brief, the vision loss of ocular migraines is not usually treated. But you may need relief for the headache that accompanies or follows it.
The primary treatment for ocular migraines is to reduce exposure to triggers. Calcium-channel blockers are the main drug treatment for ocular migraines. They work by relaxing the blood vessels. One example is Cardene, which can be given as a pill or as a tab you put under the tongue. There is some evidence that nitroglycerin or Diamox may also h...
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued a
warning on antiseizure medicines and the risk of suicide and suicidal thoughts.
The FDA does not recommend that people stop using these medicines. Instead,
people who take antiseizure medicine should be watched closely for
warning signs of suicide. People who take antiseizure
medicine and who are worried about this side effect should talk to a
Primary Medical Reviewer
Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer
Seymour Diamond, MD - Neurology
April 9, 2010
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
April 09, 2010
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