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Migraines & Headaches Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Migraines & Headaches

  1. Beta-Blockers for Migraine Headaches

    Drug details for Beta-blockers for migraine headaches.

  2. Antidepressants for Tension Headaches - Topic Overview

    Antidepressant medicines, which are usually used to treat depression, can be effective in preventing chronic tension headaches. Antidepressants have some pain-relieving properties and may reduce how often headaches occur and how long they last. Antidepressants are also used to improve sleep problems.Tricyclic antidepressants, such as amitriptyline, are the antidepressants used most often to reduce the frequency or duration of tension headaches. Medicines to prevent tension headaches have not been well studied. The best evidence is for amitriptyline. It has been proven to reduce how often tension headaches occur and how bad they get.1 If you do not respond well to amitriptyline, you may try other tricyclic antidepressants, although they may not work as well to relieve your headache. Side effects of tricyclic antidepressants include:Drowsiness or sleepiness.Dry mouth.Constipation.Blurred vision.Inability to urinate.Weight gain.Low blood pressure when you stand up quickly.Other

  3. Migraine Headaches - Prevention

    You may be able to have fewer migraines by finding out what brings on (or triggers) your headaches and then avoiding those triggers. Migraine triggers include certain foods and stress. Some common triggers are: Stress. Not eating. Poor sleep habits. A change from your normal routine. Red wine. Cheese. Monosodium glutamate (MSG). Strong odors. Chocolate. Keeping a headache diary (What ...

  4. Migraine Headaches - Living With Migraine Headaches

    You may have fewer migraines-and less pain when you do get them-by trying to: Find and avoid triggers for your headaches. Keep a headache diary (What is a PDF document?) to find out what triggers your migraines. Take medicine as your doctor advises to prevent and stop migraines. Take your medicine right away when you think that you are getting a migraine. Reduce stress with relaxation and ...

  5. Preventive Headache Medicines - Topic Overview

    Preventive medicines are used to avoid severe or chronic headaches, such as migraines or cluster headaches. They are not used to treat headaches after they begin.Examples of preventive medicines are:Anticonvulsants. Antidepressants.Beta-blockers.Botulinum toxin.Calcium channel blockers. In order for these medicines to work, you will need to use them exactly as your doctor tells you to. You may need to take them daily even when you do not have a headache. Some people only have to take preventive medicines for a few months. Other people need to take them long-term. Botulinum toxin is given as multiple shots every 12 weeks.

  6. Tension Headaches - Medications

    Your doctor may recommend medicine to treat or prevent tension headaches. You might only need to take an over-the-counter medicine for pain. These medicines usually have fewer side effects than prescription drugs. Over-the-counter drugs to stop headaches Over-the-counter medicines that you can use to stop a headache include: Aspirin. Ibuprofen (such as Advil or Motrin). Naproxen (such as ...

  7. Headaches: Finding and Avoiding Triggers

    By identifying and avoiding tension headache triggers, you can help reduce the frequency and severity of your headaches. While some triggers may be out of your control, others are easily avoidable. The following points can help you prevent a tension headache: Keep a headache diary to identify your tension headache triggers.Manage stress.Seek treatment for any underlying depression or anxiety. ...

  8. Migraine Headaches - Medications

    Two kinds of medicines are used to treat migraines: Medicines to stop a migraine. These are sometimes called abortive medicines. These may be over-the-counter or prescription medicines. If you take the medicine at the first sign you're getting a migraine,you may stop the headache before it starts. Medicines to prevent migraines. These drugs are often called preventive medicines. You get ...

  9. Tension Headaches - Symptoms

    Symptoms of tension headaches include: A constant headache that does not throb or pulse. You usually feel the pain or pressure on both sides of your head. Tightness around your forehead that may feel like a "vise grip." Aching pain at your temples or the back of your head and neck. Unlike migraines,tension headaches usually don't occur with nausea,vomiting,or feeling sensitive to both ...

  10. Tension Headaches - Living With Tension Headaches

    You may have fewer headaches-and less pain when you do get them-if you: Find and avoid triggers for your headaches. Keep a headache diary to find out what triggers your headaches. Take over-the-counter drugs to stop a headache. Take medicine as your doctor advises to stop or prevent a headache. Reduce stress with relaxation and positive-thinking methods. For more information,see: Headaches: ...

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