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    Migraines & Headaches Health Center

    Medical Reference Related to Migraines & Headaches

    1. Tension Headache Classifications - Topic Overview

      Tension-type headaches are classified as:1Infrequent episodic. You may have this type of headache if you get a headache less often than 1 day a month (or fewer than 12 days a year). The pain is mild to moderate. You may feel pressure or tightening across your forehead (like a vise grip) and at your temples, back of your head, or neck. You may have pain on both sides of your head. You also may feel sensitive to light or noise (but not both). This type of headache doesn't cause nausea or vomiting. These headaches don't get worse with physical activity. Frequent episodic. You may have this type of headache if you have a headache on more than 1 day but fewer than 14 days each month (or more than 12 but fewer than 180 days a year). The pain is mild to moderate. You may feel pressure or tightening across your forehead (like a vise grip) and at your temples, back of your head, or neck. You may have pain on both sides of your head. You also may feel sensitive to light or noise (but not both).

    2. Headaches - Topic Overview

      Seizure medicines are drugs that are used to treat seizures. Seizure medicines are also used to prevent migraine headaches. And they may be used to help prevent tension headaches in some people. There is not good evidence for their use in preventing tension headaches, but your doctor may think that one of these medicines will help you if you have chronic tension headaches:Gabapentin (for example, Neurontin)Topiramate (Topamax)Valproate (for example, Depakene)Side effects of topiramate can include: Fatigue.A prickling or tingling sensation in the hands and feet.Lack of coordination.Loss of appetite and weight loss.Inability to concentrate or speak clearly.Gabapentin is a well-tolerated drug that usually causes only mild side effects. These often go away within 1 to 2 weeks and include:Dizziness.Drowsiness and fatigue.Headache.Weight gain.Foot swelling.Side effects of valproate can include: Fatigue.Nausea.Tremor or shakiness.Hair loss.Weight gain.Headache pain that is different than

    3. Vertigo: Level 2 (Harder) Balance Exercises - Topic Overview

      Preventive medicines are used to avoid severe or chronic headaches, such as migraines or cluster headaches. They are not used to treat headaches after they begin.Examples of preventive medicines are:Anticonvulsants. Antidepressants.Beta-blockers.Botulinum toxin.Calcium channel blockers. In order for these medicines to work, you will need to use them exactly as your doctor tells you to. You may need to take them daily even when you do not have a headache. Some people only have to take preventive medicines for a few months. Other people need to take them long-term. Botulinum toxin is given as multiple shots every 12 weeks.

    4. Vertigo: Level 2 (Harder) Balance Exercises - Health Tools

      Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Decision Points focus on key medical care decisions that are important to many health problems. Headaches: Should I Take Medicine to Prevent Migraines?

    5. Beta-Blockers for Migraine Headaches

      Drug details for Beta-blockers for migraine headaches.

    6. Vertigo: Level 2 (Harder) Balance Exercises - Health Tools

      Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Decision Points focus on key medical care decisions that are important to many health problems. Headaches: Should I Take Medicine to Prevent Migraines?

    7. Headaches - Topic Overview

      Antidepressant medications,which are usually used to treat depression,can be effective in preventing migraine headaches. Antidepressants have some pain-relieving properties and may reduce duration and frequency of headaches. Antidepressants are also used to improve sleep problems. Tricyclic antidepressants are used most to prevent migraines. Amitriptyline and nortriptyline are used most ...

    8. Ergotamines for Migraine Headaches

      Drug details for Ergotamines for migraine headaches.

    9. Vertigo: Level 2 (Harder) Balance Exercises - Topic Overview

      You may develop subtle symptoms before a migraine headache begins. They may occur before migraines with or without visual and nervous system symptoms (aura).These symptoms usually develop 24 to 48 hours before the headache starts and may include:Hunger, thirst, food cravings, or loss of appetite.Mood changes (depression, euphoria or feeling of well-being, or irritability).Changes in energy level (restlessness, sleepiness, excessive energy, nervousness, or calmness).Change in consciousness (drowsiness or hyperalertness).

    10. Tension Headache Classifications - Topic Overview

      Corticosteroids (such as prednisone or dexamethasone) are referred to as "transitional" medicines for the treatment of cluster headaches because they are sometimes used to break a cycle of cluster headaches. They are paired with medicines that stop (abortive) or prevent (prophylactic) additional headaches during a headache cycle. Often,within 2 to 4 days after starting treatment with ...

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