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Migraines & Headaches Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Migraines & Headaches

  1. Preventive Headache Medicines - Topic Overview

    Preventive medicines are used to avoid severe or chronic headaches, such as migraines or cluster headaches. They are not used to treat headaches after they begin.Examples of preventive medicines are:Anticonvulsants. Antidepressants.Beta-blockers.Botulinum toxin.Calcium channel blockers. In order for these medicines to work, you will need to use them exactly as your doctor tells you to. You may need to take them daily even when you do not have a headache. Some people only have to take preventive medicines for a few months. Other people need to take them long-term. Botulinum toxin is given as multiple shots every 12 weeks.

  2. Symptoms Before a Migraine - Topic Overview

    You may develop subtle symptoms before a migraine headache begins. They may occur before migraines with or without visual and nervous system symptoms (aura).These symptoms usually develop 24 to 48 hours before the headache starts and may include:Hunger, thirst, food cravings, or loss of appetite.Mood changes (depression, euphoria or feeling of well-being, or irritability).Changes in energy level (restlessness, sleepiness, excessive energy, nervousness, or calmness).Change in consciousness (drowsiness or hyperalertness).

  3. Migraine Headaches - When to Call a Doctor

    Call or other emergency services if: You have a sudden,severe headache that is different from past headaches. You have symptoms of a stroke,such as: Sudden numbness,paralysis,or weakness in your face,arm,or leg,especially on only one side of your body. New problems with walking or balance. Sudden vision changes. New problems speaking or understanding simple statements,or feeling ...

  4. Migraine Headaches - What Increases Your Risk

    You may be more likely to get migraines if you: Have a family history of migraines. Are female. Women are 3 times more likely than men to get migraines. Are a teenager or young adult. Migraines often begin during these years. Have depression,anxiety,asthma,or epilepsy. ...

  5. Midrin for Migraines - Topic Overview

    Midrin is a combination of the drugs isometheptene, acetaminophen, and dichloralphenazone. This drug combines properties of a pain reliever, a medicine that helps narrow (constrict) blood vessels, and a mild sedative to help reduce migraine headache pain. Side effects of Midrin can include dizziness and a skin rash.Midrin is a prescription medicine that comes in tablet form. The usual adult dosage is 2 tablets taken together followed by 1 tablet every hour until your pain is relieved. You should not take more than 5 tablets within a 12-hour period. You may not be able to use Midrin if you have glaucoma, renal disease, hypertension, certain heart problems, hepatic disease, or if you are taking a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI). Before you take this medicine, be sure to discuss with your doctor whether Midrin is right for you.

  6. Butterbur for Migraines - Topic Overview

    Petasites hybridus plant extract, known as butterbur, has been used for years to prevent migraine headaches. Studies show it is effective at reducing the frequency of migraines.1Experts are not sure what causes migraines.Researchers are unclear exactly how butterbur helps to prevent migraines. But some research suggests that it may prevent swelling and relieve pressure on the blood vessels. Another theory is that it may affect calcium channels, which experts also believe may be related to migraines. More research is needed to find out how butterbur helps prevent migraines.Butterbur is available as a supplement (tablet or capsule). It is marketed under the brand name Petadolex. It is important to find butterbur that has been standardized (which means you receive the same amount of active ingredient in every dose) with guaranteed potency. Do not consume butterbur from the plant itself because it has toxic properties, which are removed in the standardized supplement.Some people may

  7. Seizure Medicine to Prevent Migraine Headaches

    Drug details for Seizure medicine to prevent migraine headaches.

  8. Migraine Headaches - Cause

    Experts aren't sure what causes migraines. They run in families,and experts have found a genetic link. But it is not clear why some people get migraines and others don't. Certain things can bring on a migraine. These are called triggers. Your triggers may be different from someone else's. Having several triggers increases the chance you will get migraines. Some common triggers include: ...

  9. Migraine Headaches - Symptoms

    The most common symptom of a migraine headache is a throbbing pain on one side of your head. You also may have other symptoms before,during,and after a migraine. Different people have different symptoms. Symptoms before the migraine begins A day or two before a migraine starts,you may feel: Depressed or cranky. Very happy,very awake,or full of energy. Restless or nervous. Very sleepy. ...

  10. Why Frequent Headaches Hurt

    An estimated 45 million Americans experience chronic headaches.

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