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Migraines & Headaches Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Migraines & Headaches

  1. Calcium Channel Blockers for Migraine Headaches

    Drug details for Calcium channel blockers for migraine headaches.

  2. Types of Migraine Headaches - Topic Overview

    There are two main types of migraine headache:Migraine without aura (common migraine). Most people with migraines have common migraines. This type of migraine causes a throbbing pain on one side of the head. The pain is moderate to severe and gets worse with normal physical activity. You also may have nausea and vomiting and may feel worse around light and sound. The headache lasts 4 to 72 hours if it is not treated. A common migraine doesn't begin with an aura.Migraine with aura (classic migraine). Some people with migraines get an aura up to 30 minutes before they have a migraine. Symptoms of the aura include seeing wavy lines, flashing lights, or objects that look distorted. Other symptoms include tingling or a pins-and-needles feeling. Other types of migraine headache include:Menstrual migraine. Many women have migraines around their menstrual cycle. These occur a few days before, during, or right after their period. The symptoms are the same as those of common or classic

  3. Butterbur for Migraines - Topic Overview

    Petasites hybridus plant extract, known as butterbur, has been used for years to prevent migraine headaches. Studies show it is effective at reducing the frequency of migraines.1Experts are not sure what causes migraines.Researchers are unclear exactly how butterbur helps to prevent migraines. But some research suggests that it may prevent swelling and relieve pressure on the blood vessels. Another theory is that it may affect calcium channels, which experts also believe may be related to migraines. More research is needed to find out how butterbur helps prevent migraines.Butterbur is available as a supplement (tablet or capsule). It is marketed under the brand name Petadolex. It is important to find butterbur that has been standardized (which means you receive the same amount of active ingredient in every dose) with guaranteed potency. Do not consume butterbur from the plant itself because it has toxic properties, which are removed in the standardized supplement.Some people may

  4. Headaches: Managing a Headache

    Managing a headache may reduce its severity and prevent it from coming back. There are many ways to manage your headaches. Identify and avoid triggers that cause your headaches.Avoid taking nonprescription pain relievers more than 3 times a week because you may get rebound headaches. Rebound headaches are usually triggered once pain medicine has worn off, prompting you to take another dose. ...

  5. Cluster Headaches - Frequently Asked Questions

    Learning about cluster headaches: What are cluster headaches? Who is affected by cluster headaches? Are there different types of cluster headaches? What other conditions are like cluster headaches? Being diagnosed: What will happen during a physical exam for my headaches? Do I need imaging tests to evaluate my headaches? Will I need other tests to evaluate my headaches? Getting treatment: What ...

  6. Antidepressants for Tension Headaches - Topic Overview

    Antidepressant medicines, which are usually used to treat depression, can be effective in preventing chronic tension headaches. Antidepressants have some pain-relieving properties and may reduce how often headaches occur and how long they last. Antidepressants are also used to improve sleep problems.Tricyclic antidepressants, such as amitriptyline, are the antidepressants used most often to reduce the frequency or duration of tension headaches. Medicines to prevent tension headaches have not been well studied. The best evidence is for amitriptyline. It has been proven to reduce how often tension headaches occur and how bad they get.1 If you do not respond well to amitriptyline, you may try other tricyclic antidepressants, although they may not work as well to relieve your headache. Side effects of tricyclic antidepressants include:Drowsiness or sleepiness.Dry mouth.Constipation.Blurred vision.Inability to urinate.Weight gain.Low blood pressure when you stand up quickly.Other

  7. Tension Headaches - Health Tools

    Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health. Decision Points focus on key medical care decisions that are important to many health problems. Headaches: Should I Have Imaging Tests to Find Out What's Causing My Headaches? Headaches: Should I take prescription medicine for tension headaches? Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in ...

  8. Migraine Headaches - What Increases Your Risk

    You may be more likely to get migraines if you: Have a family history of migraines. Are female. Women are 3 times more likely than men to get migraines. Are a teenager or young adult. Migraines often begin during these years. Have depression,anxiety,asthma,or epilepsy. ...

  9. Tension Headaches - Treatment Overview

    You can treat most tension headaches with: Over-the-counter pain medicines. Prescription drugs if you have chronic or very bad headaches. Avoiding things that trigger your headaches. Meditation and other ways to lower your stress. Over-the-counter medicines to stop headaches Try these drugs first. Most doctors recommend that you try over-the-counter drugs first if you have mild to moderate ...

  10. Migraine Headaches - Cause

    Experts aren't sure what causes migraines. They run in families,and experts have found a genetic link. But it is not clear why some people get migraines and others don't. Certain things can bring on a migraine. These are called triggers. Your triggers may be different from someone else's. Having several triggers increases the chance you will get migraines. Some common triggers include: ...

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