Find Information About:

Drugs & Supplements

Get information and reviews on prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and supplements. Search by name or medical condition.

Pill Identifier

Pill Identifier

Having trouble identifying your pills?

Enter the shape, color, or imprint of your prescription or OTC drug. Our pill identification tool will display pictures that you can compare to your pill.

Get Started

My Medicine

Save your medicine, check interactions, sign up for FDA alerts, create family profiles and more.

Get Started

WebMD Health Experts and Community

Talk to health experts and other people like you in WebMD's Communities. It's a safe forum where you can create or participate in support groups and discussions about health topics that interest you.

  • Second Opinion

    Second Opinion

    Read expert perspectives on popular health topics.

  • Community


    Connect with people like you, and get expert guidance on living a healthy life.

Got a health question? Get answers provided by leading organizations, doctors, and experts.

Get Answers

Sign up to receive WebMD's award-winning content delivered to your inbox.

Sign Up

Migraines & Headaches Health Center

Font Size

FDA Approves Topamax for Preventing Migraines

Study Shows Epilepsy Drug Cuts Migraine Occurrences in Half
WebMD Health News

Aug. 12, 2004 -- A drug commonly used to control epilepsy seizures may also control migraine headaches. Today the FDA approved the drug Topamax for preventing migraine headaches in adults.

Nearly 14 million Americans suffer frequent or severe migraines, but only about one in 10 takes prevention medications, according to the National Headache Foundation.

A study published earlier this year in TheJournal of the American Medical Association, showed patients taking 100 milligrams or 200 milligrams of Topamax daily experienced roughly half as many migraine headaches per month as patients taking a placebo.

The FDA approved Topamax(R) (topiramate) tablets and Topamax(R) sprinkle capsules for the prophylaxis (prevention) of migraine headaches in adults. The drug is not approved for the treatment of migraine headaches after they occur; what's known as acute treatment.

Topamax Approved for Preventing Migraine

Migraine headaches are caused by overactive nerves in the brain which release chemicals that cause pain and inflammation of blood vessels in the brain.

Most medications currently approved for migraine treatment are designed to relieve symptoms after a migraine attack begins.

For people with frequent or severe migraines, using a preventive medication may reduce the frequency of their attacks. Preventive headache medications include beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, antidepressants, and anticonvulsants, such as Topamax.

The most common side effect associated with Topamax use is tingling in the extremities, such as arms and legs. Others may include fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, taste alteration, diarrhea, weight loss, and side effects on memory.

Topamax has been approved for prevention of migraines in 22 countries. The drug is marketed in the U.S. by Ortho-McNeil Pharmaceutical, Inc., which is a WebMD sponsor.

Today on WebMD

Business woman with hand on face and eyes closed
What aura looks like, triggers, and more.
woman with migraine
Get the truth about migraines.
headache in the bedroom
Keep headaches from ruining your sex life.
woman with hands on head
Test your knowledge of triggers, types, and more.
woman with migraine
drinking coffee
Migraines Headaches Basics
acupuncture needles in woman's back
Tired young man
spraying perfume
man with a headache
headache in the bedroom