Skip to content
My WebMD Sign In, Sign Up

Migraines & Headaches Health Center

Font Size

Migraine, Depression Drugs Risky Mix

FDA: Triptan Migraine Drugs May Be Dangerous if Taken With SSRI or SNRI Antidepressants
By
WebMD Health News
Reviewed by Louise Chang, MD

July 19, 2006 -- Taking certain migraine drugs with some types of antidepressants may create a life-threatening condition, the FDA warns.

The FDA's warning, issued today, focuses on migraine medications called triptans when taken together with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), or with serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs).

SSRIs and SNRIs are used to treat depressiondepression and mood disorders. SSRIs include Zoloft, Paxil, Celexa, and Prozac. SNRIs include Cymbalta and Effexor.

"A life-threatening condition called serotonin syndrome may occur when triptans are used together with an SSRI or a SNRI," states an FDA news release.

Serotonin syndrome occurs when the body has too much serotonin, a chemical found in the nervous system. Triptans, SSRIs, and SNRIs all raise serotonin levels.

Symptoms

Symptoms of serotonin syndrome may include restlessness, hallucinations, loss of coordination, fast heartbeat, rapid changes in blood pressure, increased body temperature, overactive reflexes, nausea, vomiting, and diarrheadiarrhea.

Patients taking a triptan along with an SSRI or SNRI should talk to a doctor before stopping their medication, and immediately seek medical attention if they experience any possible symptoms of serotonin syndrome, says the FDA.

The FDA also urges doctors who prescribe triptans, SSRIs, or SNRIs to remember that patients may have prescriptions from other doctors and talk to their patients about the possibility of serotonin syndrome if triptans are taken with SSRIs or SNRIs.

Doctors should work with patients to weigh the risks of taking triptans with SSRIs or SNRIs and closely follow patients taking those drug combinations, says the FDA.

The FDA has also asked all makers of triptans, SSRIs, and SNRIs to update their prescribing information to warn of the possibility of serotonin syndrome when these medications are taken together.

Today on WebMD

woman receiving acupuncture
14 alternative methods for migraine relief.
woman with migraine
Get the truth about migraines.
 
headache in the bedroom
Keep headaches from ruining your sex life.
desert heat
12 surprising headache triggers.
 
woman with migraine
Quiz
drinking coffee
Article
 
Migraines Headaches Basics
Article
acupuncture needles in woman's back
Slideshow
 
young woman with migraine
Articles
spraying perfume
Article
 
man with a headache
Article
headache in the bedroom
Article
 

Special Sections