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Ocular Migraine Prevention

The first step to preventing migraines is to avoid triggers. These often include:

Although dietary triggers – such as caffeine, alcohol, and artificial sweeteners -- can cause other types of migraines; they seem less likely to trigger ocular migraines.

Recommended Related to Migraines/Headaches

Status Migrainosus

Migraines are a type of headache that tend to cause more than just head pain. The symptoms often include nausea and vision problems. A migraine headache can last for a few hours a day to several hours. But a migraine attack that lasts for more than 72 hours is called status migrainosus. This may require hospital treatment to relieve the pain and treat dehydration from vomiting. A typical migraine can sometimes turn into status migrainosus if: The migraine isn't treated early in the course...

Read the Status Migrainosus article > >

Medications can also prevent ocular migraines. Calcium-channel blockers, such as Cardene and Calan, are the most commonly used drugs. They work by opening up the blood vessels. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin are also sometimes used. Less often, your doctor may prescribe drugs used to prevent blood clotting, depression, and epilepsy.

A device is also an option. Cefaly is the first FDA-approved device for preventing migraines in people over age 18. The portable headband-like device gives electrical impulses on the skin at the forehead. This stimulates a nerve associated with migraine headaches. Cefaly is used once a day for 20 minutes, and when it's on you'll feel a tingling or massaging sensation.

WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Alan Kozarsky, MD on February 28, 2014

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