Migraine Headaches - Prevention
You may be able to have
fewer migraines by finding out what brings on (or
triggers) your headaches and then avoiding those triggers.
Migraine triggers include certain foods and
stress. Some common triggers are:
- Not eating.
- Poor sleep
- A change from your normal routine.
- Heat, high humidity, or changes in the weather.
- Monosodium glutamate
- Strong odors.
headache diary(What is a PDF document?) can help you find your triggers. You write down when you have a
headache and how bad it is, along with details such as what you ate and what
you did before the headache started. This information can help you find and
avoid your triggers.
Having a daily routine is one of the best ways to
avoid migraines. For example, try to eat at the same times every day, and go to
sleep at a regular time. Changes from your routine, such as skipping meals or
staying up really late, could lead to a migraine.
Triggers add up, so the fewer triggers you have at one time,
the better your chance of preventing a migraine. That doesn't mean that you
can't go outside if hot weather often triggers your migraines. But on a hot
day, you might avoid red wine or chocolate if those also are triggers for your
For more information, see:
Migraines: Finding and Avoiding Triggers.
Your doctor may also prescribe drugs to help prevent
migraine headaches. For more information, see