Seizure medicines are drugs that
are used to treat seizures. Seizure medicines are also used to prevent
migraine headaches. And they may be used to help
tension headaches in some people. There is not good
evidence for their use in preventing tension headaches, but your doctor may
think that one of these medicines will help you if you have chronic tension
About 1 in 4 people get a clue (called a prodrome) that a migraine is imminent. Signs include:
Mood changes, excitability, irritability
Fatigue and yawning
Signs may occur as early as 1 or 2 days before the headache. Practice recognizing early signs. Your efforts may help you abort a headache.
Headache pain that is different than
pain from a migraine headache.
Do not use valproate if you are pregnant, breast-feeding, or planning to get pregnant. If you need to use this medicine, talk to your doctor about how you can prevent pregnancy.
Women who use topiramate during pregnancy have a slightly higher chance of having a baby with birth defects. If you are pregnant or planning to get pregnant, you and your doctor must weigh the risks of using this medicine against the risks of not treating your condition.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued a warning
on seizure medicines and the risk of suicide and suicidal thoughts. The FDA
does not recommend that people stop using these medicines. Instead, people who
take seizure medicine should be watched closely for
warning signs of suicide. People who take seizure
medicine and who are worried about this side effect should talk to a
In this article
This information is produced and provided by the National
Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National
Institute via the Internet web site at http://
.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
March 12, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this