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    Types of Headaches and Their Causes

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    Migraines may also happen after intense emotions such as excitement or anger. Exercise, sex, other types of headaches, or very cold foods can also jump-start a migraine.

    Cluster headaches  got their name because they tend to come in bunches over one or several days. Typically, they start hours after a person falls asleep. Sometimes, a mild ache on one side of the head warns that a cluster headache is coming. The pain is severe, non-throbbing, piercing, and usually in and around one red, watery eye. It usually causes nasal congestion and a flushed face, too. It lasts from 30 minutes to 2 hours, then fades or disappears, only to come back a day or so later. Some people can have four or more attacks in a day. Cluster headaches can strike every day for weeks or months, and then stay away for a long time. They’re more common in men and tend to start between ages 25 and 50. Heavy smokers get them more often than nonsmokers. Stress, drinking alcohol, and eating certain foods play a role in triggering the headaches for some people, but doctors don’t know the root cause of them.

    Sinus  headaches come with pain in the forehead, nose, cheeks, eyes, and sometimes the top of the head. In some cases, they also make you feel pressure behind your face. Swelling or an infection inside the sinuses is are the main causes, usually because of hay fever and other seasonal allergies, or a cold or the flu. Sinus headaches are not common, and they usually go away after treatment. Many people who think they are having sinus headaches actually have migraines.

    WebMD Medical Reference

    Reviewed by Melinda Ratini, DO, MS on March 18, 2015
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