Headache treatment depends largely on determining the cause of the headache. Tension headaches can usually be treated by the use of over-the counter pain relievers such as Tylenol, Motrin, or even aspirin. When tension or stress is the cause, nondrug options may include massage to relieve muscle tension, yoga and other forms of exercise, and working less when possible.
The treatment of migraine headaches is somewhat more involved and may involve a number of different approaches to the pain. (Please see the topic covered under "Migraine Headaches"). Cluster headaches, because of their more severe nature, require the attention of a doctor who can prescribe proper treatments, usually medications.
Being active is a key part of healthy living. But for some people with migraines, exercise can be tricky. For some, exercise can be a migraine trigger.
Terrell Davis, a former Denver Broncos running back, sat out most of the second quarter of Super Bowl XXXII in 1998 because of a migraine. Yet after taking his medication, he came back to the game and was named Most Valuable Player.
The good news is that there are steps you can take to make exercise-related migraines less likely. Here are four ways...
Sinus headaches can usually be relieved by addressing the cause. This may involve the use of over-the-counter decongestants or may require the use of antibiotics to cure a sinus infection. Infrequently, surgery may be necessary to drain a sinus abscess or to relieve chronic sinus inflammation.
It is important to note that some headaches may return after the regular use of strong pain-relieving medications. These headaches are known as medication overuse, or "rebound" headaches, since they occur when the pain reliever wears off.
Relaxation techniques such as meditation, biofeedback, hypnosis, and acupuncture, and for some, the use of herbal remedies, may all treat headache pain.
Buchholz, D., "Heal Your Headache: The 1-2-3 Program for Taking Charge of Your Pain," Workman Publishing Company, 2002.
Livingstone, I., Novak, D.; "Breaking the Headache Cycle: A Proven Program for Treating and Preventing Recurring Headaches," Novak Owl Books, 2004.
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Young, W., "Migraine and other Headaches," Demos Medical Publishing, 2004.
Cady R., "Sinus headache: a neurology, otolaryngology, allergy, and primary care consensus on diagnosis and treatment," Mayo Clinic Proceedings, July 2005.