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    What Is a Migraine Without Aura?

    What Are the Treatments? continued...

    Keep a headache diary. It will help you spot anything that might trigger your migraines. Diary entries should include the date and time of your headache, any foods you ate, what you did, and medication you took just before the headache began. It may take 6 to 8 weeks or longer to begin to see patterns and triggers.

    Avoid common food triggers. Use information from your diary and from trial and error to figure out if any of these foods might be causing your migraines.

    • Chocolate
    • Cheese
    • Red wine or other alcohol
    • Citrus fruits
    • Avocados
    • Bananas
    • Raisins
    • Plums
    • Artificial sweeteners
    • Food preservatives, such as nitrates, nitrites, and monosodium glutamate (MSG)
    • Ice cream or other cold foods

    Avoid medication triggers. Many over-the-counter and prescription drugs can bring on migraines. Check with your doctor if you think any of these may lead to your headaches:

    Relieve mental or emotional triggers. Stress, depressionanxiety, and strong feelings such as grief can trigger migraines. Although you can’t always avoid these things, you can learn to control how you handle them. Relaxation, biofeedback, and self-hypnosis techniques can help relieve these sources of stress and prevent migraines, especially in children.

    Reduce physical triggers. Illnesses, missing meals, and being too tired can all trigger migraines. So can overdoing exercise, motion, and head injuries. Even menstruation can set off migraines. To curb the effect of these things, know how they affect you, keep a regular routine, treat illnesses quickly, and take steps to avoid other physical triggers.

    Look for environmental triggers. Some people are sensitive to flickering lights, fluorescent lights, changes in air pressure or altitude, or even bold visual patterns. Use your headache diary to spot any possible triggers in your environment -- and then take steps to get rid of them or avoid them.

    WebMD Medical Reference

    Reviewed by Neil Lava, MD on June 07, 2015
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