Controlling the Muscle Spasms of Multiple Sclerosis
What Types of Surgery Are Available for Spasticity?
When other treatments fail, rhizotomy and tendon release are two surgical procedures used to treat spasticity. If spasticity is left untreated, there's an increased risk for complications such as contractures (frozen or immobilized joints) and pressure sores.
Rhizotomy involves surgically cutting away part of the spinal nerve. It is performed to relieve pain or decrease muscle tension.
Tendon release, also called a tenotomy, may be performed to help reduce the frequency or magnitude of the spasticity, depending on the age of the patient. The surgery involves cutting severely contracted tendons away from the muscles to which they're attached.
Tendon release may need to be repeated.
These surgeries are usually only done in extreme cases that do not respond to other treatments.